Donald Trump 2020 presidential campaign
|Donald Trump for President 2020|
|Receipts||US$811,898,514.36 (October 14, 2020)|
|Theme song||"Y.M.C.A." by Village People|
The 2020 presidential campaign of Donald Trump officially began on June 18, 2019, when incumbent president Donald Trump, who had taken office on January 20, 2017, announced his candidacy for re-election as president for the 2020 United States presidential election.
Donald Trump began his re-election campaign unusually early for an incumbent president. He began spending money on his reelection effort within weeks of his election and officially filed his campaign with the Federal Election Commission on the day of his inauguration. From February 2017 onward, Trump held more than 150 rallies and fundraisers for this campaign, visiting key electoral states. The campaign also raised funds and ran two nationwide advertising campaigns. Trump said in several stump speeches that the slogans for the 2020 race would be "Keep America Great" and "Promises Made, Promises Kept". On November 7, 2018, Trump confirmed that Mike Pence would be his vice presidential running mate in 2020. Trump's reelection bid was ultimately unsuccessful; the 2020 election was won by the Democratic Party ticket of Joe Biden and Kamala Harris.
Trump refused to accept the results; he and his allies made false and disproven claims of fraud, pressured elections officials, filed dozens of lawsuits (all of which were struck down by the courts), and directly attempted to overturn the results at the county, state, and federal level. This culminated in the January 6, 2021, attack on the United States Capitol, for which Trump was impeached a second time. The day after the attack, Trump formally conceded the election without mentioning president-elect Biden by name, in a video posted on Twitter.
Researchers estimate that the rallies Trump held from June 20 through September 22 caused more than 30,000 diagnosed cases of COVID-19 and more than 700 deaths.
45th president of the United States
Trump's predecessors merged their campaign committees into their party's committee following their election victories. Following his 2016 election victory, Trump eschewed this presidential tradition and retained a separate campaign committee which continued raising funds. In December 2016, the campaign raised $11 million. These moves indicated that Trump was already eyeing a 2020 run.
Trump started spending money on the 2020 race on November 24, 2016 (sixteen days after the end of the 2016 election). The earliest campaign disbursement that his committees reported was spent towards the 2020 presidential primaries was for the purchase of a Delta Air Lines ticket on this date.
Trump officially filed his reelection campaign with the FEC on January 20, 2017, the day of his inauguration. Trump launched his reelection campaign earlier in his presidency than his predecessors did. Barack Obama (2012), George W. Bush (2004), Bill Clinton (1996), George H. W. Bush (1992) and Ronald Reagan (1984) all declared their candidacies for reelection in the third year of their presidencies. Trump filed the papers for his reelection campaign approximately 47 months prior to the date of the election. In contrast, both Reagan and George H. W. Bush did so approximately twelve, George W. Bush approximately eighteen, and both Clinton and Obama approximately nineteen months before those elections.
While previous presidents had held rallies in the early days of their presidency to garner support for legislation, such rallies differed from Trump's in that they were funded by the White House rather than by campaign committees. One of the advantages of having his campaign committee fund the events is that organizers can more discriminately screen attendees, refusing entry to non-supporters. Trump's February 2017 rally in Melbourne, Florida, was the earliest campaign rally for an incumbent president.
By filing for his campaign as early as he did, Trump gave himself a head start on fundraising. This theoretically helped discourage primary challengers.
Since his three predecessors (Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama) won reelection, had Trump been reelected, it would have been the first time in American history that there have been four consecutive presidents who were elected to two terms.
Although Trump's early campaign filing was extraordinarily unusual, aspects of a "permanent campaign" are not entirely unprecedented in American politics. Such a phenomenon had a presence in the White House at least as early as the presidency of Bill Clinton. Under the advice of Sidney Blumenthal, Clinton's staff continued to engage in campaign methodology once in office, using polling for assistance in making decisions.
Political observers who bolster the opinion that a permanent campaign has had a significant impact on recent presidencies argue that decisions by presidents have increasingly been made with considerations to their impact on voter approval.
The concept of a permanent campaign also describes the focus which recent presidents have given to electoral concerns during their tenures in office, with the distinction between the time they have spent governing and the time they have spent campaigning having become blurred. Political observers consider the rise in presidential fundraising as a symptom of the permanent campaign.
The disproportionately large amounts of time presidents have spent visiting key electoral states (and a comparatively small amount of time they have spent visiting states that pose little electoral importance to them) has been pointed to as evidence of ulterior electoral motives influencing presidential governance, emblematic of the blurred lines between campaigning and governance in the White House. For instance, George W. Bush embarked on 416 domestic trips during his first three years in office. This was 114 more than his predecessor Bill Clinton made in his first three years. In his first year, 36% of Bush's domestic trips were to the 16 states that were considered swing states after having been decided the closest margins during the 2000 election. In his second year, 45% of his domestic travel was to these states, and his third year 39% of his domestic travel was to these states.
According to the Associated Press, a data analysis firm named Data Propria, launched in May 2018 to provide ad-targeting services and run by former officials of Cambridge Analytica, is working on public relations for the Trump 2020 re-election campaign.
As some George Floyd protests included violent incidents, Trump emphasized "law and order" as a major campaign theme, directing particular criticism at antifa. Trump and attorney general Bill Barr asserted that antifa had organized the protests, although there was no evidence to support that. Barr had also baselessly linked antifa to the Black Lives Matter movement. Three August 2020 DHS draft reports did not mention antifa as a domestic terrorism risk and ranked white supremacy as the top risk, higher than that of foreign terrorist groups. Brian Murphy — until August 2020 the DHS undersecretary for intelligence and analysis — asserted in a September 2020 whistleblower complaint that secretary of Homeland Security Chad Wolf and his deputy Ken Cuccinelli instructed him "to modify intelligence assessments to ensure they matched up with the public comments by President Trump on the subject of ANTIFA and 'anarchist' groups" and to downplay the severity of risk associated with white supremacy, which Murphy said he declined to do. The campaign sent a fundraising text message to supporters in September 2020 stating an "ANTIFA ALERT," continuing, "They'll attack your homes if Joe's elected."
Presidential approval ratings, while rising slightly throughout the second half of his first term, have generally shown Trump to be one of the least popular presidents in the history of modern opinion polling during a presidential election year. Political observers point out that presidential job approval is highly partisan, with Gallup writing in March 2020:
The 92% approval among Republicans and 42% among independents are close to his highest ratings for those groups. Meanwhile, his approval rating among Democrats, currently 8%, hasn't been above 13% since he took office in February 2017. The current 84-point gap in approval between Republicans and Democrats is just a few points shy of the record polarization Gallup found in late January and early February.
In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic in early spring 2020, Trump's approval rating saw a small but notable rally in support, followed by a tick-down in mid-2020. In June and July 2020, public polling showed Trump's approval significantly weakening.
Domestic trips made by Donald Trump as U.S. president
The following maps document the frequency with which Trump has visited each state and territory during his presidency.
2017 campaign developments
January 2017: Launch
On January 10, 2017, Politico reported that Trump would be keeping his campaign offices in Trump Tower open in order to lay the groundwork for a re-election campaign. By that time his campaign offices at Trump Tower already included a staff of about ten people led by Republican strategist Michael Glassner. Glassner's deputy is John Pence, nephew of Vice President Mike Pence. The campaign staff was focused on data-building and fundraising for a 2020 reelection campaign.
On January 18, Trump revealed, in an interview with The Washington Post, that he had decided Keep America Great would be his 2020 reelection campaign slogan. Two days later, on the day of his inauguration, Trump filed a form with the Federal Election Commission (FEC) declaring that he qualified as a candidate for the 2020 presidential election.
February 2017: First rally
By February 1, 2017, Trump's reelection campaign had already raised over $7 million.
The first rally organized by the campaign was held on February 18, 2017, in Melbourne, Florida, and was attended by an estimated 9,000 supporters. It was the earliest an incumbent president had ever held a reelection campaign rally. During the rally, Trump defended his actions and criticized the media. He referred to a nonexistent incident ("last night in Sweden ...") while criticizing the asylum policies of several European countries. After backlash from the press and the Swedish government, Trump said he was referring to a Fox News program aired the previous day.
On February 24, Trump spoke at the Conservative Political Action Conference, an annual event which has often held a presidential straw poll. However, the CPAC 2017 straw poll did not include a preference survey on presidential candidates.
March 2017: Second and third rallies
On March 4, there were a series of local rallies held by allies of the campaign in some fifty cities. Several of the rallies were met by counter-demonstrations where some protesters were arrested. Other events were held around the country throughout March, some of which resulted in violence.
The campaign's second rally was held a month later in Nashville on March 15, and coincided with the 250th birthday of Andrew Jackson. Prior to the rally, Trump paid tribute to Jackson and laid a wreath at his tomb. During the rally, Trump promised to repeal the Affordable Care Act ('Obamacare') and defended his revised travel ban, which was put on hold by Derrick Watson, a federal judge in Hawaii, hours later.
April 2017: Fourth rally
By mid-April, the Trump campaign had a staff of around twenty employees.
Trump held his fourth campaign rally on April 29 in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, which coincided with the hundredth day of Trump's presidency. It also took place the same night as the White House Correspondents' Dinner, which Trump did not attend. In addition to Trump, Vice President Pence also spoke at the April 29 rally.
May 2017: Launch of first advertising campaign
On May 1, the campaign announced that they were spending $1.5 million on national advertisements touting Trump's accomplishments in the first hundred days. The ad buy, which included advertisements targeted at voters who supported specific agenda items of Trump's presidency, came approximately 42 months before election day 2020, or any other major party's candidate declarations. FactCheck.org found several inaccuracies in the advertisement, and Eric Zorn of the Chicago Tribune described the 30-second advertisement as being, "stuffed with Trump's signature misleading puffery". Additionally, original versions of the ad showed Trump shaking hands with H. R. McMaster, an active-duty military member who was barred from participating in any political advocacy while in uniform. Subsequent airings of the advertisement substituted this clip.
The ad claimed that the "fake news" media refused to report the successes of the administration, but Forbes pointed out that the ad itself cited mainstream media sources including CNBC, The Boston Globe and The New York Times. Because of this accusation against the news media, CNN decided to stop running the ad, a decision that campaign manager Michael Glassner criticized as an action to "censor our free speech". ABC, CBS and NBC later joined CNN in refusing to play the ad. Lara Trump, a consultant to the campaign and the daughter-in-law of the president, called the ad removals "an unprecedented act of censorship in America that should concern every freedom-loving citizen".
On May 8, shortly after reporter Cecilia Vega asked White House press secretary Sean Spicer about statements that Trump's 2016 campaign had issued in regards to temporarily banning Muslims from entering the United States, Trump's campaign website purged itself of all campaign statements from the 2016 campaign. Campaign chairman Michael Glassner later announced that the website was being redesigned. The redesign of Trump's campaign website was seen by media sources as laying the groundwork for a full-bodied reelection campaign. The Washington Examiner's David Druckert pointed out on Twitter that the redesigned website featured an image of Trump with a uniformed military officer on its 'Donate' page, which violated the Department of Defense's regulation that prohibits uniformed military officers from engaging in any political activity.
On May 18, Trump hosted chairmen of the Colorado, Iowa, Michigan, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio and Pennsylvania state parties at the White House. Each of their states are considered to be presidential swing states. On May 25, Trump's sons Donald Jr. and Eric, along with Eric's wife Lara, held a series of meetings at the Washington, D.C., offices of the Republican National Committee (RNC) to outline campaign strategy.
June 2017: Fifth rally, first fundraiser and visits to swing states
On June 1, President Trump announced his plans to withdraw from the Paris Agreement saying, "I was elected to represent the citizens of Pittsburgh, not Paris." Soon afterwards, the campaign announced it would hold a Pittsburgh Not Paris Rally across from the White House. The rally was held June 3 at Lafayette Square. The event was sponsored by the Fairfax County Republican Committee and the Republican Party of Virginia. Relatively few people attended the event, with estimates varying from 200 people (including counter-protesters) to "dozens" of supporters. By comparison, more people attended the anti-Trump March for Truth, which was held the same day.
Trump began campaigning in Iowa in June. Iowa was considered to be a perennial swing state and the Iowa caucus is scheduled as the earliest presidential primary election. Iowa has also been home to nonbinding straw polls held ahead of the primaries (Trump won the 2015 straw poll among Republican candidates).
On June 7, Trump delivered what the New York Daily News described as a "campaign-style speech" in Cincinnati, Ohio. Five days later, reports surfaced that Trump was making plans to embark on a more expansive tour that would visit several battleground states.
Trump held his fifth official campaign rally in Cedar Rapids in eastern Iowa. The area, home to a large population of working class whites, was seen as a strong region for Trump to find a base of political support. The date for the rally, having been changed several times, was ultimately held on June 21, marking the first time in his presidency that Trump traveled west of the Mississippi River. At the rally, Iowa GOP state chairman Jeff Kaufmann verbally attacked Nebraskan senator Ben Sasse, who was speculated by some as a potential challenger to Trump in the 2020 Republican primaries.
Vice President Pence attended Joni Ernst's 3rd Annual Roast and Ride fundraiser, held on June 3 at the Central Iowa Expo near Boone, Iowa. The previous editions of this event have included presidential campaign appearances. Trump himself had previously attended Ernst's fundraiser in 2016 while campaigning in Iowa, and seven Republican presidential contenders attended the event in 2015.
On June 28, the president hosted a fundraiser at his company's hotel in Washington, D.C., benefitting the Trump Victory Committee, a joint committee that raises funds both for his reelection campaign and for the RNC. The fundraiser was the first event Trump hosted for the Victory Committee since becoming president, as well as the first presidential campaign fundraiser. The event was co-organized by RNC chairwoman Ronna Romney McDaniel and RNC National Finance Chairman Steve Wynn. The fundraiser was attended by about 300 guests and was reportedly expected to gross $10 million. Trump was joined at the event by the first lady and top White House advisors. Among those reported to have been in attendance at the fundraiser were Mica Mosbacher, Dean Heller and Katrina Pierson. Additionally, Harold Hamm and a number of high-profile figures were spotted in the hotel's lobby during the event. Press were barred from the event, a break of precedent since reporters were permitted to the first fundraisers held by each of Trump's two predecessors. Trump's decision to host the event at a venue from which he personally profits garnered criticism.
Lara Trump made appearances on behalf of the campaign at events in New York and Texas during the month of June. In New York, Lara spoke at the Sheraton New York Times Square Hotel on June 20 for the annual New York Republican State Committee gala.
By the end of June, Trump had visited fewer states in his first six months in office compared to his two immediate predecessors, Barack Obama and George W. Bush. Both Obama and Bush had visited every time zone in the continental United States, while Trump had so far visited only the Eastern and Central time zones. Obama and Bush also took both overnight and multiple-day trips throughout the country while Trump's domestic travels had largely been limited to a two-hour flight radius of Washington, D.C., and his overnight stays were at Camp David, Mar-a-Lago and Trump National Golf Club in Bedminster. One of the benefits Trump was speculated to obtain from such trips is more favorable coverage from local news outlets in the areas visited. Most of Trump's trips to Wisconsin were focused on the Milwaukee area in the southeast part of the state, which Trump won in 2016 by a smaller margin than Mitt Romney had in 2012.
July 2017: Sixth rally
On July 1, Trump delivered a speech at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts during an event honoring veterans. The event was sponsored by First Baptist Dallas and the Salem Media Group. The event was described as resembling one of Trump's campaign rallies.
On July 6, The Hill reported that 2020 campaign merchandise bearing Trump's name (including merchandise supporting and opposing his candidacy) was selling more than those with the names of prospective opponents.
In its mid-July financial disbursement filing, the campaign reported that on June 27, Donald Trump Jr. made a payment to Alan Futerfas for "legal consulting" regarding his attempt to get "dirt on Clinton" in the 2016 Trump Tower meeting between him, Jared Kushner, Paul Manafort, and one or more representatives of the Russian government.
Trump held his sixth campaign rally on July 25 at the Covelli Centre in Youngstown, Ohio. During the speech, Trump reveled in addressing an audience outside of the national capital. He also condemned "predators and criminal aliens" and called them "animals". Chicago Tribune writer Rex W. Huppke criticized this comment, comparing it to the previous day's remarks at the National Scout Jamboree. Trump also made remarks on the homicide rate in Chicago, and called on the mayor, Rahm Emanuel, to "get tough"; Emanuel responded the following day, stating: "It is not about being tough, it's about being smart and strategic."
On September 16, groups supporting Trump held a rally on the National Mall named the Mother of All Rallies. Organizers were originally hoping to draw a million attendees, but in planning for security, the Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia expected only eighteen hundred. Ultimately, only about a thousand people attended.
A national organization had originally planned to hold "We Support Trump" rallies across the nation on September 9, however subsequently reneged on those plans. However, an independent rally in support of Trump was subsequently announced to be held on that date in Georgetown, Delaware, in a county where Trump got a majority of the vote in 2016. The Georgetown rally was sponsored by the Sussex County Republican Committee and attended by over 100 people.
On September 26, Trump attended a campaign fundraising dinner hosted by the Republican National Committee in New York City. The event was reported to have raised nearly $5 million, with major donors spending up to $250,000 to dine with President Trump. Trump scheduled for a quick meeting with Nikki Haley and other U.N. officials immediately prior the fundraiser; travel expenses were reportedly filed as "government business", and therefore taxpayer-funded. Trump's pattern of mixing travel for fundraising activities with travel for government business has drawn criticism from government watchdog organizations.
On October 16, Trump indicated his desire to see his 2016 general election opponent, Hillary Clinton, run again in 2020. Clinton had previously asserted that she had no desire to run for public office again.
On October 25, the president traveled to Texas for a fundraiser hosted by the Dallas County Republican Party for both the RNC and his reelection campaign. The event was closed to the media. Mark Knoller noted, "By my count, this will be Pres Trump's 10th political fundraiser since taking office. 9 of 10 were closed to press coverage including today."
In early November, ethics watchdogs and political analysts expressed concerns over Trump's daughter-in-law Lara Trump assuming a greater role in the White House, while also continuing to be an active member of Trump's reelection campaign. Lara Trump, while working for the reelection campaign, had reportedly held private political meetings with government officials such as Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke, Veteran Affairs Committee chairman Phil Roe and Representative Ron DeSantis.
In December 2017, polls showed that more than 40 percent of Americans wanted Trump impeached, reportedly higher than the percentage of Americans who said at the time that they planned to vote for him in 2020.
2018 campaign developments
In February 2018, the Trump campaign sent out an email with a photo of Trump paying a hospital visit to a student survivor of the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting. After stating that Trump prioritizes the safety of American students and schools, the email linked to the campaign's donations page.
On February 25, the Drudge Report announced that the president had chosen Brad Parscale as the campaign manager for his re-election campaign. Parscale was the digital strategist for the previous campaign as the head of Giles-Parscale, which raised some concerns about how the campaign would conduct its advertising.
On March 10, Trump held a rally in Moon Township, Pennsylvania. He campaigned for Rick Saccone for the local special election and also declared that his 2020 campaign slogan would be "Keep America Great!"
On March 13, Trump made his first trip to the state of California as president to attend a campaign fundraiser at the Beverly Hills home of Tampa Bay Buccaneers owner Ed Glazer. The same day, it was announced that Katrina Pierson and John McEntee had been hired by the campaign as senior advisors.
In May, Trump held a rally in Indiana where he once again shared that his 2020 campaign slogan would be "Keep America Great!". Although he had already revealed this before, Trump told the supporters at his rally,
"Keep America Great!" Because we are doing so well that in another two years when we start the heavy campaign, "Make America Great Again" wouldn't work out too well. It's going to be "Keep America Great" because that's exactly where we are headed.
On June 20, Trump held a rally in Duluth, Minnesota, supporting Republican Congressional candidate Pete Stauber in the 2018 midterm elections and addressing his own 2020 prospects in the state among other subjects. The rally came on the day the president had signed an executive order on the treatment of immigrant families with children. At the rally he said enforcement at the border would be "just as tough" under the executive order.
Trump traveled to the Nevada Republican Convention in Las Vegas on Saturday, June 23, and also appeared on the trip at a fundraiser for U.S. senator Dean Heller. Along with policy issues Trump addressed Heller's challenger, U.S. representative Jacky Rosen, as "Wacky Jacky". The president continued, asking of the simultaneous Nevada Democratic Party convention in Reno featuring Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts, "Wacky Jacky is campaigning with Pocahontas, can you believe it?"
On June 27, the president held a rally in Fargo, North Dakota, supporting Representative Kevin Cramer in his challenge to sitting Senator Heidi Heitkamp. Trump also addressed, at the rally, the just-announced news of the retirement from the Supreme Court of Justice Anthony Kennedy. Cramer addressed the issue of abortion and Heitkamp's position on the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act as his reason for entering the race. "'On behalf of the most forgotten people,' Mr. Cramer said to the president as both men took the stage to deafen applause, 'the unborn babies, thank you for standing for life.'"
The campaign financed a number of rallies in support of Republican candidates in the Midterm election. While the Republicans grew their Senate majority in the elections, they lost a significant amount of their House delegation, including control of the chamber.
On November 7, Trump confirmed that Mike Pence would be his vice presidential running mate in 2020.
The campaign makes the unprecedentedly early move to merge the campaign's field operations with that of the Republican National Committee. The campaign tapped White House political director Bill Stepien and Director of Public Liaison Justin Clark as senior political advisors, who would focus on delegate organization and to ensure the 2020 Republican National Convention would run smoothly.
2019 campaign developments
In January, in a unanimous vote, the Republican National Committee informally endorsed the president's campaign and coordination between the two entities formally began.
In February, a state-by-state effort was launched by Trump's campaign team to oppose any presidential challenges from within the Republican Party. The campaign has used endorsements, lobbying and state-party rule changes to ensure Trump does not face opposition during the Republican nominating convention, with a senior campaign adviser calling it a "process of ensuring that the national convention is a television commercial for the president for an audience of 300 million and not an internal fight".
El Paso rally
The first rally of the year took place at the El Paso County Coliseum, in El Paso, Texas on February 12. It was highlighted by pro-wall talking points and a BBC cameraman filming the event, getting into a scuffle with a supporter that the president disavowed.
From February 28 to March 3, the annual Conservative Political Action Conference, or CPAC took place in National Harbor, Maryland. This year, the usual straw poll was not held, and on the last day, Trump made a two-and-a-half hour-long speech, which was covered live by C-SPAN and Fox News, and was prominently featured in media throughout the world.
On March 28, the president held a rally in Grand Rapids, Michigan, during which he reveled in his alleged "exoneration" calling for Democrats to apologize for the Russia investigation and to stop the "ridiculous bullshit".
Trump also attacked Adam Schiff, the chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, as "little pencil-neck ... who has the smallest, thinnest neck I've ever seen", and someone who is "not a long-ball hitter". The president then ticked through those he felt wronged him as the crowd chanted, "Lock them up! Lock them up!"
The New York Times reported in June 2019 that after Trump had been briefed on internal polling showing he was trailing Joe Biden in several key states, he instructed aides to deny it and to publicly state that other data showed him doing well. The next day, Trump tweeted, "The Fake (Corrupt) News Media said they leaked into polling done by my campaign ... They reported Fake numbers that they made up and don't even exist," later telling reporters, "we are winning in every single state that we polled." Public polls at the time showed Trump trailing in key states such as Texas, Michigan and Pennsylvania. Days later, the Trump campaign severed ties with some of its internal pollsters. Trump also said that "something weird" is happening at Fox News after their poll also showed him losing to several Democratic candidates.
On June 12, 2019, during an interview with ABC News, Trump said that were a foreign country to offer damaging information on a political opponent, his reaction would be: "I think I'd want to hear it ... There's nothing wrong with listening." Trump also said the "FBI director is wrong" about the need to inform the FBI about a foreign government attempting to influence an election. Trump initially claimed his comments were mischaracterized, prompting ABC News to release a transcript. On June 13, Federal Election Commission chairwoman Ellen Weintraub stated: "It is illegal for any person to solicit, accept, or receive anything of value from a foreign national in connection with a U.S. election." On June 14, Trump told Fox News: "If I don't hear what it is, you're not going to know what is ... Now, if I thought anything was incorrect or badly stated, I'd report it to the Attorney General, the FBI."
A joint report published in June 2019 by the Center for Public Integrity, NBC News and CNBC detailed that the 2016 and 2020 Trump campaigns have yet to pay bills totaling over $800,000 to ten city governments for costs incurred to ensure public safety concerning Trump campaign rallies. The rallies took place from January 2016 to August 2016, and from September 2018 to February 2019.
On June 21, writer E. Jean Carroll alleged via New York magazine that Trump raped her in a department store dressing room in 1995 or 1996. Two friends of Carroll confirmed to New York that Carroll had previously confided in them regarding the incident. Trump denied ever meeting Carroll, although New York had published a photo of Trump and Carroll together in 1987.
At a campaign rally on July 17 in North Carolina, Trump criticized four Democratic congresswomen (Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Ayanna Pressley, Ilhan Omar, and Rashida Tlaib), stating: "They never have anything good to say. That's why I say, 'Hey if you don't like it, let 'em leave' ... if they don't love it, tell them to leave it." Trump said this in spite of his own history of criticizing previous United States administrations and policies, including his 2016 campaign slogan "Make America Great Again" indirectly asserting America was no longer "great", and his first presidential speech decrying "American carnage". In his speech, Trump referenced Tlaib: "that's not somebody that loves our country." Trump also named Omar and continued that Omar "looks down with contempt" on Americans, the crowd of Trump supporters reacted by chanting 'send her back!' After the rally, Trump tweeted: "What a crowd, and what great people." Asked about the chants on July 18, Trump said he disagreed with the chants, and claimed he had tried to stop them by "speaking very quickly".
At an August 1 campaign rally in Cincinnati, Ohio, Trump declared: "We will be ending the AIDS epidemic shortly in America, and curing childhood cancer very shortly." This echoed his earlier comments during the June 2019 Orlando, Florida rally, when Trump pledged: "we will come up with the cures to many, many problems, to many, many diseases – including cancer." Despite attacking four Democratic congresswomen as being too critical of America, Trump continued a recent trend of criticizing major American cities; at the rally, Trump singled out the cities of San Francisco, Los Angeles and Chicago. Trump said that Democrats governing liberal cities "deliver poverty for their constituents and privilege for themselves", with federal funding becoming "stolen money and it's wasted money". He also blamed protesters interrupting his rally on the premise that Cincinnati "must have a Democrat mayor". Trump highlighted Baltimore having a higher homicide rate (55.8 of 100,000 people) than the country Afghanistan, although he did not propose a policy to address the issue.
On August 7, following the 2019 Dayton shooting and the 2019 El Paso shooting, Trump visited Dayton, Ohio, and El Paso, Texas. That day, Trump fired back at Democratic presidential candidates Beto O'Rourke ("be quiet") and Joe Biden ("boring") who had previously criticized him. Trump additionally labeled Democratic presidential candidate Julian Castro as a "fool" and "not much" of a man. While talking to medical staff at El Paso, Trump mentioned that his February 2019 campaign rally in the city had drawn a much bigger crowd than O'Rourke's campaign rally that same day. A campaign-style video of Trump shaking hands and posing for photos during the visit was released by the White House.
On September 11, Trump tweeted that he has not "even started campaigning yet". As the Trump–Ukraine scandal emerged and Trump faced an impeachment inquiry, the Trump campaign launched a $10 million television and web campaign with a video claiming Joe Biden had offered Ukraine $1 billion if they fired a prosecutor who was "investigating his son's company", including video of Biden boasting that the prosecutor had been fired. Hunter Biden served on the board of directors of Burisma Holdings, the owner of which was investigated, but Biden himself was not investigated. Then-vice president Biden had in March 2016 threatened to withhold $1 billion in loan guarantees if Ukraine did not fire the prosecutor, Viktor Shokin. The Obama administration and other governments and non-governmental organizations were concerned that Shokin was not adequately pursuing corruption in Ukraine, was protecting the political elite, and was regarded as "an obstacle to anti-corruption efforts". In particular, he was seen to be slow-walking the Burisma investigation. The ad asserted that Trump had acted to fight corruption and Democrats were impeaching him for it. No evidence has surfaced of any malfeasance by the Bidens.
Previously, in sworn testimony, the administration officials said Giuliani directly conveyed the president's demands to them that Ukraine launch investigations into the son of former Vice President Joe Biden and a long-debunked 2016 election-related conspiracy. However, Trump later denied sending Rudy Giuliani to Ukraine to push Biden.
Prior to December 12, three lawsuits claimed Trump's business dealings have been violating the Constitution. All these cases advanced to critical stages in federal courts. On the night of December 18, coinciding with the vote to impeach him, Trump held a rally in Battle Creek, Michigan. He received criticism for suggesting the deceased representative John Dingell may have gone to hell.
The Associated Press acquired a recording of senior Trump campaign advisor Justin Clark telling Wisconsin Republicans that "traditionally it's always been Republicans suppressing votes in places" and 2020 would be the time to "start playing offense a little bit" to protect their voters. Clark asserted to the AP that he was speaking about how "Republicans historically have been falsely accused of voter suppression."
In October, the Trump campaign ran a Facebook ad that falsely claimed Joe Biden offered to bribe Ukrainian officials to not investigate his son, Hunter Biden.
2020 campaign developments
- January 9: First campaign rally of 2020 was held at the 8,000 seat Huntington Center in Toldeo, OH.
- January 14: Monster Rally in Green Bay, WI
- January 28: Monster Rally in Wildwood, NJ
- January 30: Monster Rally at Drake University's Knapp Center in Des Moines, IA
- January 31: The Kansas state convention began, being the second official event of the Republican race.
- February 1: At the Kansas state convention, the entire selection process took place, culminating with the official binding of the delegation to Trump, giving him his second state.
- February 2: The Iowa caucuses: the President received 31,464 (97.1%) of the vote.
- February 10: Monster Rally at the SNHU Arena in Manchester, NH
- February 13: In the New Hampshire primary, the President received 129,461 (85.7%) of the votes cast.
- February 22: The Nevada state committee awarded all of its delegates to President Trump.
- March 3: Super Tuesday. With over 60% of delegates selected by this date, the race for the nomination formally ended.
- March 5: Facebook removed Trump campaign ads directing users to participate in an "Official 2020 Congressional District Census" on what was actually a campaign fundraising site.
- April 23: The Trump campaign released a new app which offers rewards for sharing Trump's tweets.
- Late April: Trump scolded campaign manager Brad Parscale after data from two polls, one from the Trump's own campaign and one from the Republican National Committee, showed Trump losing to Joe Biden in swing states, reported The Washington Post and CNN. At one point, Trump said he may sue Parscale, although it is unclear whether he was joking. Both Trump and Parscale denied that Trump had shouted. Parscale did not deny a conflict, and he did not deny Trump saying he may sue. Trump told the media he does not "believe the polls".
- May 4: CNN sent a cease-and-desist letter to the Trump campaign regarding its ad, "American Comeback", which had begun running the previous evening on cable television. The ad selected words from a CNN interview and inserted them into a different context, making it a clear example of "deceptive editing", The Washington Post explained.
- June 8: After a CNN poll found Trump 14 percentage points behind Joe Biden, Trump on Twitter declared the poll "FAKE", saying he had "retained highly respected pollster, McLaughlin & Associates", to analyze that poll. The Republican Party's congressional campaign arm has advised Republicans to avoid employing McLaughlin & Associates after it predicted in 2014 that Republican Representative Eric Cantor would win re-election in a Republican primary by 34 points, but Cantor actually lost by around 10 points. Later in 2018, McLaughlin & Associates predicted that Republican Representative Rob Woodall would win re-election by 27 points, but Woodall ended up winning by only 0.2 points.
- June 9: The Trump campaign sent a cease-and-desist letter to CNN over their poll, demanding a retraction and apology. CNN refused. During June, Trump also suggested he might sue campaign manager Brad Parscale for presenting polling data showing the president trailing in several key states. The New York Times describes this incident as a jest, rather than a serious threat, and participants in the call say Parscale responded to the threat by saying, "I love you, too."
- June 10: Amid the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, the Trump campaign said the president would resume his campaign rallies, the first being at Tulsa, Oklahoma, on June 19. Ticketholders must "assume all risks related to exposure to COVID-19", and cannot hold the Trump campaign liable for resultant illness or injury. The rally was later pushed back by one day to June 20, out of respect for the original date falling on Juneteenth (which was deemed insensitive due to the Tulsa race massacre and the ongoing George Floyd protests).
- June 12: The RNC decided not to write a new platform for 2020, reusing 2016's, which denounces the "current president".
- June 15: In a tweet, then-campaign manager Brad Parscale indicated that ticket requests for the June 20 rally in Tulsa, Oklahoma, had surpassed a million.
- June 20: Trump held his first campaign rally in months at the BOK Center in Tulsa. The seating capacity of the arena is 19,199, and in the days leading up to the event, Parscale said more than 800,000 people had registered for the rally. Attendance at the rally was estimated to be just under 6,200, according to the Tulsa Fire Department. The numbers projected by the campaign were inaccurate partially due to TikTok users and K-pop fans registering for the rally and not attending. Trump spent 14 minutes (around 1/8th of the length of his speech) talking about walking hesitatingly down a ramp at the United States Military Academy, and the media coverage regarding the slowness of his descent. Few attendees, including former Republican presidential candidate Herman Cain who sat very near the front, wore masks. Cain, an African-American, had opposed masking mandates during the COVID-19 pandemic. On June 29, Cain tested positive for COVID-19 and was admitted to an Atlanta-area hospital two days later. After four weeks of hospitalization, Cain died from COVID-19 complications on July 30, 2020, at the age of 74.
- June 23: President Trump holds rallies in Phoenix and Yuma, Arizona.
Celebrating Independence Day with an address at Mount Rushmore, Trump said he was in a battle against a "new far-left fascism". The New York Times characterized Trump as using the address "to mount a full-on culture war against a straw-man version of the left that he portrayed as inciting mayhem and moving the country toward totalitarianism". The Washington Post reported that while "amplifying racism and stoking culture wars have been mainstays of Trump's public identity for decades, they have been particularly pronounced this summer as the president has reacted to the national reckoning over systemic discrimination by seeking to weaponize the anger and resentment of some white Americans for his own political gain."
On the evening of July 4, musician and entrepreneur Kanye West announced his campaign for the presidency. Los Angeles Times reported that "It's unclear whether West has filed any of the necessary paperwork to formally join the race between incumbent Donald Trump – for whom West has expressed admiration," and said this "might be part of an effort to draw Black supporters away from Biden to help Trump."
Vice President Pence and White House Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany claimed that Joe Biden had asserted police had "become the enemy". Biden's words were taken out of context, as he had actually said the use of military-grade heavy equipment by police officers can look like "the military invading" communities and thus makes police "become the enemy" in the perception of some in the community. According to Media Matters, Trump surrogate Sean Hannity also misrepresented Biden's words to his radio and television audiences at least 17 times in July.
On July 10, the Trump campaign postponed a rally planned for the next day in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, with Tim Murtaugh, the campaign's communications director citing "safety reasons because of Tropical Storm Fay". On July 15, Trump announced that he had promoted former deputy campaign manager Bill Stepien to campaign manager, replacing Brad Parscale.
On July 19, in an interview aired on Fox News, Trump called the network's poll showing Biden leading by 8% "fake", further saying he would "have to see" if he would accept a loss in the election, citing postal voting as a way it would be rigged against him. According to CNN, "There is no credible evidence that mail-in voting is rife with corruption," and "the concerted push by Trump to delegitimize mail-in ballots is raising alarm bells among Republican operatives, who are worried the President's demand for in-person voting will mainly serve to dampen turnout among his own supporters."[b]
During the first half of July, the campaign ran a television ad more than a thousand times targeted at women in Ohio, falsely asserting that Joe Biden proposes to "defund the police", which would increase home invasions and rapes, concluding that "You won't be safe in Joe Biden's America." Trump won Ohio by eight points in 2016 but polls showed he was in a statistical tie with Biden in July. Across numerous other states, Trump ran another ad falsely accusing Biden of proposing to defund the police, with a simulated 9-1-1 call response:
You have reached the 9-1-1 police emergency line. Due to the defunding of the police department, we're sorry but no one is here to take your call. If you are calling to report a rape, please press one. To report a murder, press two. To report a home invasion, press three. For all other crimes, leave your name and number and someone will get back to you. Our estimated wait time is currently for five days. Goodbye.
In June and July, the campaign spent over $2 million on Facebook ads. One claims (with 308 variations) that "Dangerous MOBS of far-left groups are running through our streets and causing absolute mayhem. They are DESTROYING our cities and rioting." In July, television ads were aired intending to portray the violent turmoil of a future Biden presidency – utilizing images of turmoil occurring during Trump's presidency.
In mid-July, the Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation & Institute formally asked the Trump campaign and Republican National Committee to stop using Reagan's name and likeness for fundraising. The request came after a campaign email solicitation offered commemorative coins with images of Trump and Reagan.
On July 23, Trump announced the cancellation of the Jacksonville portion of the 2020 Republican National Convention, citing rising COVID-19 numbers. On July 30, he publicly suggested delaying the election due to COVID-19, despite the authority to make such a change lying with Congress. Some of the most prominent leaders of the Republican Party rejected that such a prospect would be considered. Later the same day, Trump walked back his comments, while repeating his condemnation of postal voting.[b] Responding to the comments and the president's handling of the pandemic, Timothy Egan writes in a New York Times opinion piece that Trump "should do humanity a favor and surrender now", saying this could "save many lives of supporters who have listened to the lethal quackery from the presidential podium". According to multiple high-ranking Republicans, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has signaled to Republican Senate candidates that they may distance themselves from Trump if they feel it will help them salvage their own campaigns.
At the end of July, the Trump campaign temporarily halted television advertising to reassess its messaging strategy. A campaign official attributed the pause to the recent change in campaign leadership, stating, "We'll be back on the air shortly, even more forcefully exposing Joe Biden as a puppet of the radical left-wing." The campaign had $146.6 million budgeted for television and radio ads from Labor Day until November. Television advertising was expected to resume on August 3, with a focus on states that will vote the earliest; a new campaign ad features altered images to falsely portray Biden as "alone" and "hiding" in his basement.
On August 5, Trump announced that he was considering hosting his GOP convention acceptance speech from the White House, saying "It would be the easiest from the standpoint of security." Fox News reported public criticism of the announcement, including from House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, and cited the Hatch Act of 1939, which prohibits executive-branch federal employees other than the president and vice president from engaging in partisan political activity.[c] On August 6, it was reported that the Commission on Presidential Debates had rejected the campaign's request to move or add a debate to early September, before states begin early voting. The first debate is scheduled for September 29.
On August 14, Trump gathered about 300 police officers who support him at his golf club in Bedminster, New Jersey, and asked the crowd whether "Sleepy Joe" or "Slow Joe" was a better nickname for his opponent. The former name, which Trump has frequently used, provoked a louder response. He stated that "Putin and Kim Jong-un and President Xi of China, they're not sleepy. We can't have slow, sleepy people dealing with them." On August 17, Miles Taylor, former chief of staff to former Department of Homeland Security (DHS) secretary Kirstjen Nielsen, published an op-ed in The Washington Post and featured in an ad from Republican Voters Against Trump. In the ad, Taylor says, "What we saw [over] 2 1/2 years in that administration, was terrifying." He says that when the DHS raised national security concerns, Trump "wasn't interested in those things," and attempted to exploit the department "for his own political purposes and to fuel his own agenda," including by withholding federal wildfire aid to California because he lacked support in the state. Taylor asserts that "Years of DHS planning for a pandemic threat have been largely wasted," and concludes: "Given what I experienced ... I have to support Joe Biden for president."
On August 20, Trump said in Old Forge, Pennsylvania, that "Joe Biden is a puppet of the radical left movement that seeks to destroy the American way of life. They don't want energy, they don't want guns, they don't want religion." Later that day, Trump tweeted against Biden, the Obamas and mail-in voting. The campaign also released a digital ad suggesting that Hunter Biden used his father's vice presidency to personally profit from a Chinese bank (which Hunter denied in 2019). That night, Biden accepted his party's presidential nomination at the 2020 Democratic National Convention.
On August 22, The New York Times reported that Trump would speak on all four nights (only one night being customary) of the 2020 Republican National Convention scheduled for the next week, that nearly half of the keynote speakers would be Trump family members, and that two former producers of The Apprentice would be coordinating the event. On August 23, Trump senior adviser Jason Miller stated that the campaign was "conserving money right now and focusing a little bit more smartly and a little more effectively on the states that are voting early," while Politico reports that "even in most of those early-voting states, Biden has dominated Trump" regarding television ad spending. On the first night of the convention (which had less viewers than both the 2016 convention and the 2020 Democratic event), Donald Trump Jr. said his father's policies had been "like rocket fuel to the economy ... especially to the middle class," while
Biden has promised to take that money back out of your pocket and keep it in the swamp. That makes sense though, considering Joe Biden is basically the Loch Ness Monster of the swamp. For the past half-century, he's been lurking around in there. He sticks his head up every now and then to run for president, and then he disappears and doesn't do much in between.
On the second night of the Republican National Convention, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo spoke from Jerusalem (where he was on state business), prompting an investigation by House Democrats to determine whether this violated the Hatch Act, which Pompeo had instructed federal employees to obey earlier in the year. The use of the convention to perform a naturalization ceremony[d] and reveal the presidential pardon of Jon Ponder also drew scrutiny for using government business to promote Trump's campaign. On the final night of the convention, Trump stated:
Your vote will decide whether we protect law abiding Americans, or whether we give free rein to violent anarchists, agitators and criminals who threaten our citizens. And this election will decide whether we will defend the American way of life, or whether we allow a radical movement to completely dismantle and destroy it.
On August 31, Trump asserted in an interview with Laura Ingraham that Biden is being controlled by "People that you've never heard of, people that are in the dark shadows." When the program host said this sounded like the promotion of a conspiracy theory, Trump elaborated that "They're people that are on the streets, they're people that are controlling the streets." He further claimed that someone "from a certain city" boarded a plane which was "almost completely loaded with thugs [around seven in total] wearing these dark uniforms, black uniforms with gear and this and that," to come to the Republican National Convention "to do big damage."[e] Then, prompted by Ingraham to discuss how Biden's campaign was being financed, he said, "The money is coming from some very stupid rich people who have no idea that if their thing ever succeeded, which it won't, they will be thrown to the wolves like you've never seen before."
In late August, the Trump campaign shared a video featuring the soundbite of Joe Biden saying: "You won't be safe in Joe Biden's America." The quote was taken wholly out of context, as Biden was instead attributing this quote to "Trump and Pence", while Biden was stating that images of violence were actually that of "Donald Trump's America today". Meanwhile, White House social media director Dan Scavino shared a fake video purportedly showing Biden sleeping during a live interview. In fact, the fake video combined two different clips: one of Biden looking down with eyes half-closed, and one of an interviewer asking activist Harry Belafonte to "wake up". The fake video also had new audio added, of snoring sounds.
On September 2, Trump told WECT-TV in Wilmington, North Carolina, that people should vote twice—once in person and again by mail—to see if anyone stops them from committing this illegal act. When CNN asked U.S. Attorney General Bill Barr for his input, Barr claimed he did not know whether it was illegal to vote twice. Barr also told CNN that he believed that China was the biggest active threat to U.S. election security (contradicting U.S. intelligence, which had identified Russia) and that foreign adversaries would likely sow the system with fraudulent mail-in ballots (although he admitted he had no evidence of this).
On September 3, Trump spoke in Pennsylvania. He encouraged voters to vote in person, referencing potential mail fraud or ballots going missing. He also focused on topics of the economy and public safety in light of mass protests and riots. He attacked Biden for mixed messages on fracking and for wearing a mask so much during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
The New York Times reported on September 5 that the Trump campaign had spent $58 million of donor money on legal bills, far exceeding the levels of his predecessors at similar points in their campaigns. The spending included routine matters, and legal work involving the Russia investigation and his impeachment, as well as relating to enforcement of nondisclosure agreements with former associates and his personal business interests.
On September 7, The New York Times reported the campaign might be facing a cash crunch, having spent more than $800 million of the $1.1 billion raised from early 2019 through July. The Times reported the campaign had engaged in profligate spending until the new campaign manager Bill Stepien imposed controls. The next day, Trump stated he was prepared to spend his own money if necessary.
From September 8–12, the Trump campaign released a "Support Our Troops" advertisement with a picture of silhouetted Russian Mikoyan MiG-29 fighter jets and soldiers carrying at least one Russian AK-74 assault rifle, that drew international commentary.
On September 10, The Washington Post reported that campaign manager Bill Stepien had already reduced spending on television ads. "Between Aug. 10 and Sept. 7, Biden's campaign spent about $90 million on television ads, more than four times the $18 million spent by the Trump campaign," the reporters said.
On September 13, Trump held a rally in Henderson, Nevada. Due to the pandemic, it was his first indoor rally since the Tulsa rally in June, and it violated Nevada's prohibition against gatherings of more than 50 people.
The Associated Press reported on September 14 that, although the Trump campaign had spent heavily for months, it did not seem to have hurt Biden in the polls, and the Trump campaign no longer could count on having more cash than the Biden campaign. Biden, while achieving record-breaking fundraising in August, outspent Trump by nearly double that same month. Meanwhile, the Trump campaign canceled advertising in several states, while retaining $200 million worth of reserved ads, characterizing the cancellations as strategic.
On September 23, Trump was asked if he would commit to a peaceful transition of power if he lost the 2020 election, to which he replied: "Well, we'll have to see what happens." He also said at a press briefing, "I've been complaining very strongly about the ballots. And the ballots are a disaster. Get rid of the ballots and you'll have a very peaceful — there won't be a transfer, frankly. There will be a continuation." That same day, he said it was important to confirm his incoming Supreme Court nominee promptly because he believed the election outcome would be determined by the Supreme Court and he needed a majority to overcome "this scam that the Democrats are pulling." Also that day, Donald Trump Jr. asserted in social media posts that "The radical left are laying the groundwork to steal this election from my father," adding, "Their plan is to add millions of fraudulent ballots that can cancel your vote and overturn the election," asking "able-bodied" people to join an election security "army" for his father.
On September 23, Eric Trump shared a video on Twitter, showing Joe Biden looking away from the camera during an interview with Telemundo. Eric Trump used this to falsely claim that Biden was using a teleprompter. This was re-shared by Trump campaign senior adviser Jason Miller, and then Trump himself. In actuality, Biden was looking away from the camera because there was a monitor off-screen where Telemundo viewers were shown asking Biden questions. Biden was replying to one such viewer directly.
Meanwhile, the Trump campaign ran video and pictorial advertisements on Facebook, YouTube, and Google, which falsely claimed that Joe Biden used a teleprompter during an April 2020 interview with James Corden. A teleprompter was seen on Biden's screen during that interview, but that was in fact Corden's teleprompter, not Biden's. The teleprompter was shared on the screens of Corden's interviewees via Zoom. The Trump campaign used the advertisement to claim that Biden "can't handle an interview", "can't handle presidency". Another deceptive advertisement ran by the Trump campaign claimed that "Joe Biden completely botches the Pledge of Allegiance", as Biden had paraphrased the Pledge. However, Biden's words were taken out of context, as Biden was not trying to legitimately recite the Pledge; rather, he was referencing specific parts of it while he argued that he would govern as president for all states, instead of only Democratic-controlled states.
Trump's support among seniors weakened significantly going into the final weeks of the campaign. On September 24 he announced he was sending $200 drug discount cards to 33 million Medicare recipients, at a cost approaching $7 billion.
On September 25, Trump unveiled his "Platinum Plan for Black Americans", promising $500 billion in capital access, as well as "creating 3 million new jobs, and bridging historic disparities in health care and education" and making Juneteenth a national holiday.
On September 29, the candidates participated in a first debate in Cleveland. The event was characterized by Trump frequently interrupting both Biden and moderator Chris Wallace. This prompted the debate commission to announce that microphones would be cut off at the next debate if the rules are broken by either candidate.
On October 2, two hours after it was announced that White House senior advisor Hope Hicks had tested positive for COVID-19, Trump tweeted that both he and First Lady Melania Trump had tested positive as well and would immediately go into quarantine. As a result, they cancelled all in-person campaign events scheduled in the coming days, including a rally in Orlando-Sanford International Airport. Several other White House members and associates have tested positive for the virus, including Trump campaign manager Bill Stepien.
The Trump campaign ran Facebook advertisements featuring fake photos altered to show Joe Biden wearing an earpiece. The advertisements included captions including: "Who is in Joe's ear?", and that Biden "declined an earpiece inspection" at the debate. Asked to comment on the advertisements, the Trump campaign claimed that they were "obvious satire".
On October 7, Vice President Pence participated in a debate with Senator Kamala Harris, the Democratic candidate for vice president on the Biden ticket, that was held by USA Today and moderated by Susan Page, the Washington bureau chief of the newspaper.
Trailing in polls during the month leading to the election, Trump became increasingly insistent that his political adversaries be indicted, including Biden, former president Obama and Hillary Clinton, and that documents be declassified and released, including Clinton's emails.
Six weeks after the Republican convention, the Trump campaign canceled all television and radio advertising in Ohio, Iowa and New Hampshire, and substantially reduced advertising in four other states.
On October 15, Biden and Trump hosted separate town hall speeches, in lieu of a second debate.
On October 22, the candidates participated in a second and final debate in Nashville. In contrast to the first debate, the microphones of both candidates were muted at select times. Trump pressed Biden on renewed allegations that during his time as vice president, members of his family had personally profited from his position in Ukraine and China, to which Biden pointed out Trump's own scandals regarding those countries. Trump repeatedly asked why Biden had not delivered on his 2020 campaign promises during his eight years in the White House, to which Biden responded, "we had a Republican Congress."
From October 23 until November 2, the president had several rallies a day.
On October 26, the Minnesota Department of Health linked 23 COVID-19 cases to three Trump rallies held in the state in September. According to Johns Hopkins University, the average number of new cases in Beltrami County, where Trump's rally in Bemidji was held, was 2.85 new cases a day but had risen to 14.57 new cases per day four weeks after the rally. Minnesota traced one case each to a September 18 Joe Biden rally and an event on October 1 in Becker that was attended by Eric Trump. A campaign rally by Vice President Mike Pence in Hibbing in late October had "more than 650 people in attendance, exceeding Minnesota health guidelines to restrict crowds to 250 people." At least five aides to Pence, including his chief of staff Marc Short, had tested positive only two days earlier. National Security Advisor Robert O'Brien called Pence "an essential worker" who needed to be out campaigning.
On October 30, researchers from Stanford University published an analysis of the effects of Trump rallies on the spread of COVID-19. Using statistical methods, they estimated that the 18 rallies Trump held from June 20 through September 22 caused more than 30,000 diagnosed cases of COVID-19 and more than 700 deaths. Trump held an additional 49 rallies from September 23 through November 2 that were not included in the analysis.
Election Day and beyond
Early on November 4, despite the fact that no clear winner of the election had been determined, Trump declared victory from the White House, stating that he "did win the election". At that point, results from states such as Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Michigan and Georgia were unclear. Although Trump was leading in the vote count of those states at the time, experts believed that many of the still-uncounted votes—which included votes from large cities and mail-in ballots—would turn out to favor Biden.
On November 5, a federal judge dismissed a lawsuit by the Trump campaign to stop vote-counting in Pennsylvania. The Trump campaign had alleged that its observers were not given access to observe the vote, but during the hearing, its lawyers admitted that its observers were already present in the vote-counting room. Also that day, a state judge dismissed another lawsuit by the Trump campaign that alleged that in Georgia, late-arriving ballots were counted. The judge ruled that no evidence had been produced that the ballots were late. Meanwhile, in Michigan, a state judge dismissed the Trump's campaign's lawsuit requesting a pause in vote-counting to allow access to observers, as the judge noted that vote-counting had already finished in Michigan. That judge also noted that the official complaint did not state "why", "when, where, or by whom" an election observer was allegedly blocked from observing ballot-counting in Michigan.
On November 5, the Trump Victory in Wisconsin group declared it would be "chasing our absentee ballots over in Pennsylvania" for people who had yet to vote. Also that day, the Kenosha For Trump group sent an email urging "volunteers to make phone calls to Pennsylvania Trump supporters to return their absentee ballots". However, votes had to be postmarked by November 3 to count as legal votes in Pennsylvania, and Trump himself has described late votes as election fraud.
By November 6, a growing number of Trump officials had admitted that the incumbent's loss was probable. On that day, election-calling organization Decision Desk HQ forecast that Trump had lost the election to Biden.
Still, the president refused to concede. The administrator of the GSA, Emily W. Murphy, refused to authorize transition funds until November 23. Most Senate Republicans, including Mitch McConnell, claimed that the election was still unsettled, and Attorney General William Barr authorized the Justice Department to investigate alleged "massive voter fraud," prompting Assistant AG Richard Pilger, director of the elections crimes branch in the Justice Department's Public Integrity Section, to resign in protest.
Reliable sources indicated that there were plans to resume full-scale campaigning in conjunction with recounts in Arizona, Georgia, and Wisconsin. On the week of November 9, Trump indicated to Kevin Cramer that "If this doesn't work out, I'll just run again in four years."
As repeated lawsuits failed throughout November, Trump admitted to Fox News on November 29 that "it's very hard to get a case to the Supreme Court." In an interview with the Associated Press published December 1, Attorney General William Barr acknowledged: "To date, we have not seen fraud on a scale that could have affected a different outcome in the election." By January, Trump had lost 60 lawsuits.
On January 2, 2021, during an hour-long conference call, Trump pressured Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger to change the state's vote totals by the 11,780 votes he needed to win the state. During the call, Trump falsely suggested that Raffensperger could have committed a criminal offense. On January 11, the phone call was cited in a new article of impeachment introduced in the House of Representatives.
Self-declared "alternate electors" voted in protest; these votes had no legal validity. Well over a hundred Republican representatives promised to contest the counting ceremony at the U.S. Capitol on January 6. Experts debated whether Trump was trying to perform a self-coup.
On January 6, 2021, Trump spoke at a "March to Save America" rally on the Ellipse, where he encouraged the crowd to "fight like hell" and said he'd be marching with them to the United States Capitol, although he did not join them in the end. The rioters broke into the Senate Chamber where the electoral college ballots were being counted, causing both the House and Senate to be evacuated. Five people died from the events, while dozens more were injured, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation opened over 170 investigations into the events.
Opinion polls conducted in 2020 almost always showed Democratic nominee Joe Biden leading Trump nationally in general election matchups, with the former vice president's advantage usually extending beyond the margin of sampling error. The Trump campaign dismissed polls throughout the election season, noting how they erroneously predicted a Hillary Clinton victory in the 2016 presidential election. The sentiment has reflected a greater public distrust of polls in general, with several studies including one by the Pew Research Center showing that even when Biden lead Trump by a significant margin nationally, a majority of people still believed that Trump would win the election.
After keeping pace with Biden and even leading him in some key states throughout the spring, Trump's approval rating significantly weakened in June and July, causing him to fall behind in most of those battleground states as well as states that historically vote Republican such as Georgia, Texas and Kansas. By July 4, 2020, Politico reported that Trump was "trailing [Biden] by double digits in recent polls". A mid-July Washington Post/ABC News poll showed Biden's double-digit lead holding.
Trump however began to bounce back in early August. A national poll conducted then showed Biden leading by just three percent nationally. Trump also began to improve in state polls, such as in Iowa, where a poll showed Trump leading Biden by 48% to 45%, six percentage points less than Trump won the state with in 2016, but an improvement from where Trump's popularity was in the few months prior. Internal polls commissioned by the campaign showed Trump tied with or ahead of Biden in 17 key states, while a CNN poll showed Biden up by just one percentage point in 15 battleground states. Towards the end of the month though, Biden's advantage began to grow again, as Trump found himself down several points nationally in three highly rated polls: Fox News who had Biden leading 49% to 42%, the NBC/Wall Street Journal who had Biden leading 50% to 41%, and The Washington Post/ABC News who had Biden up 53% to 41%.
Trump got a slight bounce following the 2020 Republican National Convention, after which a Reuters/Ipsos poll showed Biden's national lead reduced to seven points. By the end of August, Trump was polling ahead of Biden in key states such as Ohio where he led 50% to 45%, and was polling neck-and-neck with the Democratic candidate in other battleground states such as Florida.
Trump's national polling numbers fell heavily again following his performance at the first presidential debate and his COVID-19 diagnosis at the end of September and beginning of October, as Biden's lead returned to double digits regularly. A Washington Post/ABC News poll taken around this period showed Biden's lead to be 53% to 43%. Trump however still managed to keep pace with Biden in the battleground states, thus giving him an outside chance of retaining the Presidency via the Electoral College as Election Day approached.
Trump began fundraising for his reelection campaign immediately after his inauguration, whereas his predecessors had waited years to do this. By September 2020, Trump's 2020 reelection effort, including the Republican National Committee, had spent over $800 million. At that time, Trump had not yet contributed any of his own money to his reelection effort, although he was reportedly considering contributing $100 million. (He had, by contrast, contributed $66 million of his own money to his 2016 campaign.) Bloomberg News said "it would be unprecedented for an incumbent president to put his own money toward winning a second term."
|Quarter||Cash on hand
|Receipts||Disbursements||Cash on hand
|Debts owed |
This section needs to be updated.(December 2019)
At the end of the first quarter of 2017, the campaign's three committees ("Donald J. Trump for President", "Trump Victory", and "Trump Make America Great Again Committee") reported raising a combined $13.2 million, the majority of which had come from small donors.
Trump's campaign and the Republican National Committee ultimately raised a combined $55 million in the first quarter. According to the National Review's Kelly Jane Torrance, Barack Obama and the Democratic National Committee had raised roughly $16 million in the same period of Obama's first term.
On March 17, 2017, the campaign saw what was its highest single-day contribution total, with the campaign and its joint-fundraising-committee raising a combined total of $314,000. By the end of May the RNC had raised more than $62 million in 2017. The RNC had already received more online donations than they had in the entire year of 2016.
On April 14, 2019, the campaign announced that it had raised $30 million in the first quarter of 2019, far outpacing the campaigns of his individual Democratic opponents in the same period. Average donations were $34.26, and nearly 99 percent of donations to the campaign were $200 or less. In addition, the Republican National Committee brought in $45.8 million in first-quarter 2019.
Notable expenditures and allegations of grifting
In June 2018, ProPublica reported that Trump Organization properties had received "at least $16.1 million...from his campaign, Republican organizations, and government agencies" since late 2015. In October 2019, the Center for Responsive Politics found that total spending on Trump properties had increased to $16.8 million even when just considering payments made by the Trump campaign and other Republican political campaigns and PACs (leaving aside the government agencies).
During the first three months of 2017, the Trump 2020 campaign reported spending $6.3 million, of which nearly $500,000 (over 6% of its spending) was to companies owned by Trump. In the Trump 2020 campaign's first two years (2017 and 2018), it paid more than $890,000 in rent for space in Trump Tower, while the Republican National Committee paid $225,000. As of October 2020, the campaign's committees had directed more than $17.9 million of campaign donor money to Trump properties, while the Republican National Committee had paid $3.0 million.
Legal and compliance work
In a period spanning 2015–2020, the Trump campaign (including its 2016 and 2020 versions) used at least $58.4 million of donor funds to pay for legal and compliance work. (This was more than 5 times what the Obama campaign and the Democratic National Committee had paid for legal and compliance work during an equivalent period eight years earlier.) Federal Election Commission filings do not reveal how much the Trump campaign spent on any specific case as contrasted with routine legal work. To look at a narrower slice of this spending, in the third quarter of 2017, the Trump campaign spent $4.1 million (27% of its expenditures) on legal fees, including the personal legal expenses of Trump and his family. By this point, 10% of the campaign's overall spending since the beginning of the year had been on legal fees.
During the first three months of his presidency, his reelection campaign spent more than $4 million on memorabilia (such as hats).
Money funneled through Brad Parscale
Between January 2017 and March 2020, Trump's reelection committees paid $38.9 million to companies owned by Trump 2020 campaign manager Brad Parscale. In the analysis of Democratic political consultant James Carville, "They're all just fleecing the campaign ... Everybody is trying to take everything they can get on the way out." Former GOP strategist Rick Wilson, noting that Parscale bought a Ferrari, a Land Rover, a waterfront house and a yacht, said the campaign's leaders "are taking Donald Trump to the cleaners".
In April 2020, it was revealed that Brad Parscale was paying $180,000 per year to Kimberly Guilfoyle, the girlfriend of Donald Trump Jr., and another $180,000 per year to Lara Trump, wife of Eric Trump. "It's donor money," said Paul Ryan, an expert on campaign finance with the watchdog group Common Cause. Parscale was paying these women through his company, not through the campaign or the party. "I can pay them however I want to pay them," Parscale told reporters. Two anonymous Republicans in the White House suggested that the payments were deliberately made this way so the campaign didn't have to report them. Stuart Stevens, a top aide in Mitt Romney's 2012 presidential campaign, accused Parscale of being "a money launderer".
Groups supporting Trump
The Republican Party
Super PACs supporting Trump's reelection campaign include Committee to Defend the President, Great America PAC, and Great America Committee. The Great America PAC received donations from, among others, former racer Walker Evans and Insperity executive Jay Mincks. The Committee to Defend the President PAC received contributions from, among others, Enterprise Products executive Ralph S. Cunningham.
The Center for Public Integrity published an analysis of 2017 first-quarter federal campaign spending records which revealed that two Super PACs supporting Trump, Great America PAC and Committee to Defend the President, had spent a combined $1.32 million on the 2020 election campaign. Ted Harvey serves as the chairman of the Committee to Defend the President. Eric Beach and Ed Rollins serve as co-chairmen of Great America PAC. Both PACs have previously been accused by the FEC of poorly maintaining financial records, and had been threatened with penalties. The Center for Public Integrity also found that several other pro-Trump PACs had already been founded in 2017, but most of them had yet to be very active. One such PAC was America First Action, which was founded by the CEO of a political consulting firm for which Trump's 2020 campaign treasurer is the senior vice president.
On May 17, 2017, Mike Pence filed FEC paperwork to form Great America Committee, a PAC that would be headed by his former campaign staffers Nick Ayers and Marty Obst. This is the first time in U.S. history a sitting vice president has founded such a political organization.
On August 7, Marc Lotter, a spokesperson for Mike Pence, confirmed to MSNBC's Hallie Jackson that the vice president had hosted Republican donors, including mega-donors Charles and David Koch, at Number One Observatory Circle.
At the end of the third quarter, the FEC calculated that in 2017 super PACS and other outside groups supporting Trump had spent more than $2 million.
Amount spent by outside groups in support of campaign
Table displays the amount that groups have reported to the FEC they have spent in support of Trump's candidacy from January 1, 2015, to December 31, 2020.
|The Committee to Defend the President||13,977,787.95|
|Great America PAC||13,841,286.33|
In late January 2017, several members of Trump's 2016 campaign staff formed America First Policies, a pro-Trump political nonprofit. Those involved included former deputy campaign chairs Rick Gates and David Bossie. Brad Parscale and Katrina Pierson were also involved. Additionally involved were Nick Ayers and Marty Obst, both of whom served as advisors to Mike Pence during the 2016 campaign. Trump's former White House Deputy Chief of Staff Katie Walsh has also joined the organization. Near the end of May, members of the organization (including Walsh) participated in meetings at the RNC's D.C. offices with members Trump's family to discuss campaign strategy.
In 2017, Matt Braynard, a key member of Trump's 2016 campaign staff, established the organization Look Ahead America. The organization took steps to target inactive voters in places such as New Hampshire, a state Trump came close to winning in 2016. Look Ahead America claimed it would not coordinate its efforts with the president. In the week after the 2020 election, Braynard launched a group called The Voter Integrity Fund to review public records for indications of election malfeasance. On December 1, 2020, he tweeted that Biden's election was illegitimate: "If the issues we raised are not resolved...[Biden] cannot be considered 'president' but [should] instead [be] referred to as the #presidentialoccupant." Trump retweeted Braynard's comment several hours later.
In August 2018, a group called the 45 Alliance was formed. All three of the group's officers had served on Trump's transition team, and two of them also served in Trump's White House. During the calendar year in which the 45 Alliance was formed, it was entirely funded by Trump for America, a nonprofit that supported Trump's transition ($150,000); by America First Policies ($150,000); and by the Republican National Committee ($75,000). Neil Corkery is in charge of the 45 Alliance's finances. "He has ties to several high-profile dark money operations," Walker Davis wrote, "like the Wellspring Committee and Judicial Crisis Network. In 2018, an anonymous million-dollar contribution to President Trump's inauguration was linked to him."
|Date of rally||City||State||Venue||Estimated attendance||Source|
|Monday, February 11, 2019||El Paso||TX||El Paso County Coliseum||6,000|||
|Thursday, March 28, 2019||Grand Rapids||MI||Van Andel Arena||14,000|||
|Saturday, April 27, 2019||Green Bay||WI||Resch Center||10,000|||
|Wednesday, May 8, 2019||Panama City Beach||FL||Aaron Bessant Park Amphitheater Archived November 27, 2020, at the Wayback Machine||7,500|||
|Monday, May 20, 2019||Montoursville||PA||Williamsport Regional Airport||15,000|||
|Tuesday, June 18, 2019||Orlando||FL||Amway Center||20,000|||
|Wednesday, July 17, 2019||Greenville||NC||Williams Arena||8,000|||
|Thursday, August 1, 2019||Cincinnati||OH||U.S. Bank Arena||17,500|||
|Thursday, August 15, 2019||Manchester||NH||SNHU Arena||11,000|||
|Monday, September 9, 2019||Fayetteville||NC||Crown Expo Center||5,500|||
|Monday, September 16, 2019||Rio Rancho||NM||Santa Ana Star Center||8,000|||
|Thursday, October 10, 2019||Minneapolis||MN||Target Center||20,000|||
|Thursday, October 17, 2019||Dallas||TX||American Airlines Center||21,000|
|Tuesday, November 26, 2019||Sunrise||FL||BB&T Center (Sunrise, Florida)||20,000|||
|Tuesday, December 10, 2019||Hershey||PA||Giant Center||12,000|||
|Wednesday, December 18, 2019||Battle Creek||MI||Kellogg Arena||5,400|||
|Thursday, January 9, 2020||Toledo||OH||Huntington Center||8,000|||
|Tuesday, January 14, 2020||Milwaukee||WI||UW–Milwaukee Panther Arena||12,000|||
|Tuesday, January 28, 2020||Wildwood||NJ||Wildwoods Convention Center||7,500|||
|Thursday, January 30, 2020||Des Moines||IA||Knapp Center||7,600|||
|Monday, February 10, 2020||Manchester||NH||SNHU Arena||12,000|||
|Wednesday, February 19, 2020||Phoenix||AZ||Arizona Veterans Memorial Coliseum||14,000|||
|Thursday, February 20, 2020||Colorado Springs||CO||Broadmoor World Arena||8,500|||
|Friday, February 21, 2020||Las Vegas||NV||Las Vegas Convention Center||15,000|||
|Friday, February 28, 2020||North Charleston||SC||North Charleston Coliseum||13,000|||
|Monday, March 2, 2020||Charlotte||NC||Bojangles' Coliseum||10,000|||
|Saturday, June 20, 2020||Tulsa||OK||BOK Center||6,200|||
|Tuesday, June 23, 2020||Phoenix||AZ||Dream City Church||3,000|||
|Monday, August 17, 2020||Mankato||MN||Mankato Regional Airport|||
|Oshkosh||WI||Wittman Regional Airport|||
|Tuesday, August 18, 2020||Yuma||AZ||Yuma International Airport|||
|Thursday, August 20, 2020||Old Forge||PA||Mariotti Building Products|||
|Friday, August 28, 2020||Londonderry||NH||Manchester-Boston Regional Airport|||
|Thursday, September 3, 2020||Latrobe||PA||Arnold Palmer Regional Airport|||
|Tuesday, September 8, 2020||Winston-Salem||NC||Smith Reynolds Airport|||
|Thursday, September 10, 2020||Freeland||MI||MBS International Airport|||
|Saturday, September 12, 2020||Minden||NV||Minden–Tahoe Airport|||
|Sunday, September 13, 2020||Henderson||Xtreme Manufacturing|||
|Thursday, September 17, 2020||Mosinee||WI||Central Wisconsin Airport|
|Friday, September 18, 2020||Bemidji||MN||Bemidji Regional Airport|||
|Saturday, September 19, 2020||Fayetteville||NC||Fayetteville Regional Airport|||
|Monday, September 21, 2020||Vandalia||OH||Dayton International Airport|||
|Swanton||Toledo Express Airport|||
|Tuesday, September 22, 2020||Moon Township||PA||Pittsburgh International Airport|||
|Thursday, September 24, 2020||Jacksonville||FL||Cecil Airport|||
|Friday, September 25, 2020||Newport News||VA||Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport|||
|Saturday, September 26, 2020||Middletown||PA||Harrisburg International Airport|||
|Wednesday, September 30, 2020||Duluth||MN||Duluth International Airport|||
|Monday, October 12, 2020||Sanford||FL||Orlando Sanford International Airport|||
|Tuesday, October 13, 2020||Johnstown||PA||John Murtha Johnstown-Cambria County Airport|||
|Wednesday, October 14, 2020||Des Moines||IA||Des Moines International Airport|||
|Thursday, October 15, 2020||Greenville||NC||Pitt-Greenville Airport|||
|Friday, October 16, 2020||Ocala||FL||Ocala International Airport|||
|Macon||GA||Middle Georgia Regional Airport|||
|Saturday, October 17, 2020||Muskegon||MI||Muskegon County Airport|||
|Janesville||WI||Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport|||
|Sunday, October 18, 2020||Carson City||NV||Carson City Airport|||
|Monday, October 19, 2020||Prescott||AZ||Prescott Regional Airport|||
|Tucson||Tucson International Airport|
|Tuesday, October 20, 2020||Erie||PA||Erie International Airport|||
|Wednesday, October 21, 2020||Gastonia||NC||Gastonia Municipal Airport|||
|Friday, October 23, 2020||The Villages||FL||The Villages Polo Club|||
|Pensacola||Pensacola International Airport|
|Saturday, October 24, 2020||Lumberton||NC||Robeson County Fairgrounds|||
|Circleville||OH||Pickaway Agriculture and Event Center|||
|Waukesha||WI||Waukesha County Airport|||
|Sunday, October 25, 2020||Manchester||NH||Manchester–Boston Regional Airport|||
|Monday, October 26, 2020||Allentown||PA||HoverTech International|
|Martinsburg||Altoona–Blair County Airport|||
|Tuesday, October 27, 2020||Lansing||MI||Capital Region International Airport|||
|West Salem||WI||La Crosse Fairgrounds Speedway|||
|Wednesday, October 28, 2020||Bullhead City||AZ||Laughlin/Bullhead International Airport|||
|Goodyear||AZ||Phoenix Goodyear Airport|||
|Thursday, October 29, 2020||Tampa||FL||Raymond James Stadium|||
|Fayetteville||NC||Fayetteville Regional Airport|||
|Friday, October 30, 2020||Waterford Township||MI||Oakland County International Airport|||
|Green Bay||WI||Green Bay–Austin Straubel International Airport|||
|Rochester||MN||Rochester International Airport|||
|Saturday, October 31, 2020||Newtown||PA||The Keith House|
|Reading||Reading Regional Airport|||
|Butler||Pittsburgh-Butler Regional Airport|||
|Montoursville||Williamsport Regional Airport|
|Sunday, November 1, 2020||Washington||MI||Michigan Stars Sports Center|||
|Dubuque||IA||Dubuque Regional Airport|
|Hickory||NC||Hickory Regional Airport|
|Rome||GA||Richard B. Russell Airport|||
|Opa-locka||FL||Miami-Opa Locka Executive Airport|||
|Monday, November 2, 2020||Fayetteville||NC||Fayetteville Regional Airport|
|Scranton||PA||Wilkes-Barre Scranton International Airport|||
|Traverse City||MI||Cherry Capital Airport|
|Kenosha||WI||Kenosha Regional Airport|
|Grand Rapids||MI||Gerald R. Ford International Airport|||
The Trump campaign used "geofencing". This technology detects when a smartphone is within a narrow geographic area like a church or a sports stadium, and it captures identifying information from that device. This allowed political marketers to gather names, addresses, and voter registration status of the people who were present at the event and who presumably share some ideological, religious, or other demographic affinities. In January 2020, The New York Times reported that "the Trump campaign is far ahead of the Democratic Party in the use of this technology."
- Donald Trump 2000 presidential campaign
- Donald Trump 2016 presidential campaign
- Facebook–Cambridge Analytica data scandal
- List of Donald Trump 2020 presidential campaign endorsements
- List of Republicans who oppose the Donald Trump 2020 presidential campaign
- Opinion polling on the Donald Trump administration
- Political positions of Donald Trump
- Presidency of Donald Trump
- White House COVID-19 outbreak
- 2020 Republican Party presidential primaries
- List of lawsuits relating to the 2020 United States presidential election
- Stop the Steal
- Informally announced on February 17, 2017
- On August 3, 2020, Trump said he had the right to issue an executive order concerning mail-in voting. He elaborated, "We haven't got there yet, but we'll see what happens." On August 4, he tweeted:
Whether you call it Vote by Mail or Absentee Voting, in Florida the election system is Safe and Secure, Tried and True. Florida's Voting system has been cleaned up ... so in Florida I encourage all to request a Ballot & Vote by Mail!
- A week later, Trump reiterated that he would "probably be giving [his] speech at the White House".
- The new citizens reportedly did not know their naturalizations would be televised. Acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf also denied such knowledge.
- Clarifying his comments the next day, Trump said, "A person was on a plane, said that there were about 6 people like that person, more or less, and what happened is the entire plane filled up with the looters, the anarchists, the rioters, people that obviously were looking for trouble. And the person felt very uncomfortable on the plane. This would be a person you would know."
- Wagner, Meg; Alfonso III, Fernando; Macaya, Melissa; Mahtani, Melissa; Rocha, Veronica; Wills, Amanda (November 7, 2020). "CNN PROJECTION: JOE BIDEN WINS THE PRESIDENCY". CNN. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
- "Biden defeats Trump for White House, says 'time to heal'". AP NEWS. November 7, 2020. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
- Forgey, Quint (November 3, 2020). "Visiting campaign headquarters, Trump says 'losing is never easy'". Politico. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
- Scott, Eugene (April 17, 2017). "Trump campaign raking in money for 2020, disclosures show". CNN. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
Trump's campaign committee has spent about $6.3 million during the first quarter of 2017. That includes giving more than $70,000 to the campaign committee's manager, Michael Glassner, who was Trump's deputy campaign manager, and more than $40,000 to John Pence, Vince [sic] President Mike Pence's nephew, who serves as the committee's deputy director.
- Bender, Michael C. (February 19, 2019). "Trump adds senior campaign staff for 2020 race as risk of a GOP primary challenger rises". MarketWatch. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
- "Trump campaign names Hogan Gidley as new press secretary". CBS.
- "Lara Trump becomes face of Donald Trump's 2020 re-election campaign". The Daily Telegraph. London. October 19, 2017. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- "Don Jr.'s Girlfriend Kimberly Guilfoyle Lands Top Trump Campaign Role". The Daily Beast.
- "Jenna Ellis, a senior legal adviser to the Trump campaign, is not the type of lawyer she plays on TV". The New York Times.
- "Trump campaign hires Katrina Pierson". The Hill.
- "Bill Shine resigns from the White House to advise Trump's 2020 campaign". CNBC.
- "Trump body man Johnny McEntee leaving White House for campaign". Politico.
- "Trump campaign hires ex-aide Jason Miller despite past scandals". Politico.
- Levinthal, Dave (May 5, 2017). "Pro-Trump super PACs have already spent $1 million on Election 2020". Publicintegrity.org. The Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
- "Former Trump staffer who penned tell-all book and sued the president, back working on Republican Convention". ABC.
- "TRUMP, DONALD J – Candidate overview – FEC.gov". FEC.gov. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
- Tumulty, Karen (January 18, 2017). "How Donald Trump came up with 'Make America Great Again'". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
- "'Keep America Great': Trump Reelection Effort Raised $13M So Far, Report Says". Fox News. April 15, 2017. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
- Benen, Steve (March 21, 2017). "Trump picks the wrong slogan: 'Promises made, Promises kept'". MSNBC. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
- "Trump Reveals 2020 Re-Election Slogan: 'Keep America Great!'". FOX News Insider. Fox News. January 18, 2017. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
- "FEC Form 99/Form 2" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. January 20, 2017. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- Gold, Matea. "President Trump tells the FEC he qualifies as a candidate for 2020". The Washington Post. pp. January 20, 2017. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- Groppe, Maureen (November 7, 2018). "President Donald Trump and Vice President Mike Pence renew their political vows in advance of 2020". USA Today. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- "By the numbers: President Donald Trump's failed efforts to overturn the election". www.usatoday.com. Retrieved July 6, 2021.
- Schwartz, Matthew S. (December 5, 2020). "Trump's Legal Losses Come Fast And Furious". NPR.org. Retrieved July 6, 2021.
- "Trump And His Allies Have Lost Nearly 60 Election Fights In Court (And Counting)". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved July 6, 2021.
- Trump, Donald (January 7, 2021). "Video: 'My campaign vigorously pursued every legal avenue to contest the election results...Congress has certified the results. A new administration will be inaugurated on January 20th. My focus now turns to ensuring a smooth, orderly, and seamless transition of power...Serving as your president has been the honor of my lifetime.'". Retrieved January 7, 2021 – via Twitter.
- Baker, Peter; Haberman, Maggie (January 8, 2021). "Capitol Attack Leads Democrats to Demand That Trump Leave Office". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- Liptak, Kevin, Veronica Stracqualursi and Allie Malloy (January 8, 2021). "Trump publicly acknowledges he won't serve a second term a day after inciting mob". CNN. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- Bernheim, B. Douglas; Buchmann, Nina; Freitas-Goff, Zach; Otero, Sebastián (October 30, 2020). "The Effects of Large Group Meetings on the Spread of COVID-19: The Case of Trump Rallies" (PDF). Retrieved December 8, 2020.
- Vogel, Kenneth P. (January 31, 2017). "Trump raised $11 million in December". Politico. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Isenstadt, Alex (January 10, 2017). "Trump laying the groundwork for 2020 reelection bid". Politico. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- Bump, Philip (May 1, 2017). "Donald Trump started spending money on the 2020 race on Nov. 24". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
- "Details for Candidate ID : P80001571". fec.gov/. Federal Election Commission.
- "FEC Form 99/Form 2" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. January 20, 2017. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- Gold, Matea. "President Trump tells the FEC he qualifies as a candidate for 2020". The Washington Post. pp. January 20, 2017. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- Herbert, Geoff (May 1, 2017). "President Trump launches first campaign ad for 2020 election – 1282 days away". Syracuse.com. Advance Digital. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
- Morehouse, Lee (January 31, 2017). "Trump breaks precedent, files as candidate for re-election on first day". azfamily.com. Meredith Corporation. Archived from the original on January 30, 2017. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
- Diamond, Jeremy; Zeleny, Jeff (April 28, 2017). "Trump rallies: Campaign-funded, for a reason". CNN. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
- "Trump Returns to Campaign-Style Events to Shore Up Support After Setbacks". Newsweek. Reuters. February 17, 2017. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Santhanam, Laura (August 3, 2017). "Watch: Trump blasts Democrats, Russia investigations at campaign rally in Huntington, West Virginia". PBS. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
- Graham, David A. "Trump Kicks Off His 2020 Reelection Campaign on Saturday". The Atlantic. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
- "A Look At How Trump Is Already Campaigning For 2020". Npr.com. All Things Considered. August 23, 2017. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
- Schmuhl, Robert (September 24, 2012). "The Last Time America Had So Many Two-Term Presidents was the 1820s". historynewsnetwork.org. Columbian College of Arts and Sciences (George Washington University). Retrieved April 18, 2017.
- Sharockman, Aaron (April 10, 2014). "How rare is it that we had three presidents re-elected consecutively? Very rare". Politifact.com. PolitiFact.com. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
- Corrado, Anthony; Tenpas, Kathryn Dunn (March 30, 2004). "Permanent Campaign Brushes Aside Tradition". Brookings.edu. Brookings Institution. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- "The Rise of the President's Permanent Campaign". Kansaspress.ku.edu. University of Kansas. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
Brendan Doherty provides empirical evidence of the growing focus by American presidents on electoral concerns throughout their terms in office, clearly demonstrating that we can no longer assume that the time a president spends campaigning for reelection can be separated from the time he spends governing. To track the evolving relationship between campaigning and governing, Doherty examines the strategic choices that presidents make and what those choices reveal about presidential priorities. He focuses on the rise in presidential fundraising and the targeting of key electoral states throughout a president's term in office – illustrating that recent presidents have disproportionately visited those states that are important to their political prospects while largely neglecting those without electoral payoff. He also shows how decisions about electoral matters previously made by party officials are now made by voter-conscious operatives within the White House.
- Horwitz, Jeff (June 15, 2018). "AP: Trump 2020 working with ex-Cambridge Analytica staffers". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 16, 2018. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- Robinson, Teri (June 18, 2018). "Data Propria, heir to Cambridge Analytica, working for RNC, possibly Trump campaign". scmagazine.com. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- Robertson, Adi (June 15, 2018). "Trump's 2020 campaign is reportedly using former Cambridge Analytica employees to target voters". The Verge. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- Snell, Kelsey (September 2020). "Republican Convention Shows Trump's 2nd-Term Agenda Looks Just Like His 1st". NPR. NPR.
- Haberman, Maggie; Savage, Charlie (May 31, 2020). "Trump, Lacking Clear Authority, Says U.S. Will Declare Antifa a Terrorist Group". The New York Times.
- MacFarquhar, Neil; Feuer, Alan; Goldman, Adam (June 11, 2020). "Federal Arrests Show No Sign That Antifa Plotted Protests". The New York Times.
- Peiser, Jaclyn. "'Their tactics are fascistic': Barr slams Black Lives Matter, accuses the left of 'tearing down the system'". The Washington Post.
- Swan, Betsy Woodruff (September 4, 2020). "DHS draft document: White supremacists are greatest terror threat". Politico. Retrieved September 5, 2020.
- Murphy, Brian (September 8, 2020). "In the Matter of Murphy, Brian Principal Deputy Under Secretary Department of Homeland Security Office of Intelligence & Analysis Complaint" (PDF). United States House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Retrieved September 10, 2020. Cite journal requires
- Cohen, Zachary. "Whistleblower accuses Trump appointees of downplaying Russian interference and White supremacist threat". CNN.
- "Trump Campaign Sends Alarming Text to Supporters". September 13, 2020.
- Jones, Jeffrey M. (January 21, 2020). "Trump Third Year Sets New Standard for Party Polarization". Gallup. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
- "Trump Is The Most Unpopular President Since Ford To Run For Reelection". FiveThirtyEight. January 7, 2020. Retrieved January 7, 2020.
- Jones, Jeffrey M. (May 29, 2020). "Presidential Job Approval Related to Reelection Historically". Gallup. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- Dunn, Amina (August 24, 2020). "Trump's approval ratings so far are unusually stable – and deeply partisan". Pew Research Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
- Brenan, Megan (March 3, 2020). "Trump Job Approval Rating at 47%". Gallup. Retrieved March 3, 2020.
- Jones, Jeffrey M. (March 24, 2020). "President Trump's Job Approval Rating Up to 49%". Gallup. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
- Blanton, Dana (April 9, 2020). "Fox News Poll: Trump job approval hits new high as voters rally during crisis". Fox News. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
- Wise, Alana (April 10, 2020). "Trump's Approval Rating Slumps Amid Coronavirus Fallout". NPR. Retrieved April 10, 2020.
- McCarthy, Justin (April 16, 2020). "Trump's Job Rating Slides; U.S. Satisfaction Tumbles". Gallup. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
- Santhanam, Laura (June 26, 2020). "More Americans disapprove of Trump now than at any other time in his presidency". PBS NewsHour. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
- Haberman, Maggie; Karni, Annie (June 17, 2020). "Does Trump Want to Fight for a Second Term? His Self-Sabotage Worries Aides". The New York Times.
- Haberman, Maggie; Martin, Jonathan (June 23, 2020). "With Tweets, Videos and Rhetoric, Trump Pushes Anew to Divide Americans by Race". The New York Times.
- Haberman, Maggie; Martin, Jonathan; Burns, Alexander (July 2, 2020). "Why June Was Such a Terrible Month for Trump". The New York Times.
- "Donald Trump is already looking to 2020". The Boston Globe. Associated Press. January 13, 2017. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
- "Trump Reveals 2020 Re-Election Slogan: 'Keep America Great!'". FOX News Insider. Fox News. January 18, 2017. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
- "Trump already has socked away more than $7 million for his 2020 reelection". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
- Superville, Darlene; Riechmann, Deb (February 18, 2017). "Outside of Washington, Trump slips back into campaign mode". West Palm Beach, Florida: Fox News. Associated Press. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
- Miller, Zeke J. (February 19, 2017). "Trump Is Already Campaigning For Reelection in 2020". 'Fortune. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- "A newspaper has documented 'everything that happened in Sweden last night'". The Independent. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Topping, Alexandra. "'Sweden, who would believe this?': Trump cites non-existent terror attack". The Guardian. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
- "Facts about migration and crime in Sweden". Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs. February 23, 2017. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
- Donald Trump [@realDonaldTrump] (February 19, 2017). "My statement as to what's happening in Sweden was in reference to a story that was broadcast on @FoxNews concerning immigrants & Sweden" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Chan, Sewell (February 19, 2017). "'Last Night in Sweden'? Trump's Remark Baffles a Nation". The New York Times. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
- Guardian Wires (February 24, 2017). "Donald Trump addresses CPAC 2017". Archived from the original on November 17, 2021. Retrieved August 23, 2017 – via YouTube.
- "CPAC 2015 Straw Poll: Rand Paul wins again – but Scott Walker is surging". The Washington Times. February 28, 2015. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
- "CPAC 2017 Straw Poll Results". Conservative.org. American Conservative Union and The Washington Times. February 25, 2017. Archived from the original on August 24, 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
- Stanglin, Doug; Alexander, Bryan (March 4, 2017). "Thousands of supporters 'March 4 Trump' at rallies across USA". USA Today. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
- Bailey, Chelsea; McCausland, Phil (March 4, 2016). "Trump supporters across the nation gather for 'March 4 Trump'". NBC News. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
- Wang, Amy B (March 5, 2017). "Pro-Trump rally in Berkeley turns violent as protesters clash with the president's supporters". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
- Campuzano, Eder (March 4, 2017). "March 4 Trump meets resistance during Lake Oswego rally". The Oregonian. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
- Carcamo, Cindy; Elmahre, Adam; Brazil, Ben (March 26, 2017). "Violence erupts at pro-Trump rally in Huntington Beach". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
- Beckwith, Ryan Teague (March 13, 2017). "President Trump Will Lay a Wreath at Andrew Jackson's Grave". Time. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
- Meyer, Myer; Ebert, Joel (March 15, 2017). "Trump tours The Hermitage, lays wreath on Andrew Jackson's tomb". The Tennessean. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
- Schuessler, Jennifer (March 15, 2017). "A History of Presidents, Mostly Democrats, Paying Homage to Jackson". The New York Times. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
- Graham, Chris (March 16, 2017). "Why is Donald Trump paying homage to Andrew Jackson and what are the comparisons?". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
- "Replay: President Trump speaks at rally in Nashville". The Tennessean. March 15, 2017. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
- Thomas, Ken; Bykowicz, Julie (March 20, 2017). "Trump takes push for Obamacare repeal to Louisville rally". Chicago Tribune. Associated Press. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
- Bykowicz, Julie (March 29, 2017). "Lara Trump Hired by Trump Campaign's Digital Vendor". U.S. News & World Report. Associated Press. Retrieved June 11, 2017.
- Vogel, Kenneth P. (April 15, 2017). "Trump's reelection campaign raised $13.2 million in first quarter". Politico. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
- Terkel, Amanda (April 28, 2017). "Trump Warns 'Pocahontas' May Run For President In 2020". HuffPost. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
- Gregg, Christina (April 28, 2017). "Trump suggests potential 2020 election battle against 'Pocahontas' Elizabeth Warren". AOL. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
- Malawskey, Nick (April 26, 2017). "As President Trump heads to Harrisburg, anti-Trump rally planned". Pennlive.com. Advance Digital. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
- Jagannathan, Meera (April 23, 2017). "President Trump to hold rally same night as White House Correspondents' Dinner in Harrisburg, which he once called a 'war zone'". Daily News. New York. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
- "Trump avoiding White House Correspondents' Dinner". Times Record News. Tribune Content Agency. April 27, 2017. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
- Tilett, Emily (March 1, 2017). "Trump Campaign launches latest attack on media in $1.5 billion ad buy". CBS News. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- Benen, Steve (May 2, 2017). "Team Trump flubs the first ad of the 2020 election cycle". MSNBC. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
- DePaolo, Joe (May 1, 2017). "'America is Winning': Donald Trump Launches 2020 Campaign Ad on His 102nd Day in Office". Mediaite. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
- Zorn, Eric (May 5, 2017). "No rest for the campaign weary: Trump 2020 ads begin". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
- Robertson, Lori (May 2, 2017). "Trump's TV Campaign Ad". FactCheck.org. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
- Sheth, Sonam (May 1, 2017). "Trump reelection campaign pulls first 100 days ad amid concerns it may have violated federal law". Business Insider. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Joyella, Mark (May 1, 2017). "Trump Releases Campaign Ad, And Yes, He's Running Against The News Media". Forbes. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
- Gold, Hadas (May 2, 2017). "CNN: We didn't run Trump ad because of 'fake news' graphic". Politico. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
- Romano, Nick (May 6, 2017). "Trump's reelection team says ABC, NBC, CBS blocked 'Fake News' ad". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Trump, Lara (May 5, 2017). "All Mainstream TV Networks Block Paid Campaign Ad Setting a Chilling Precedent Against Free Speech". Donaldjtrump.com. Donald Trump presidential campaign, 2020. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Salaky, Kristin (May 8, 2017). "All Statements Scrubbed From Trump Campaign Site – Including Travel Ban". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Shelbourne, Mallory (May 8, 2017). "Trump call for Muslim ban deleted from site after reporter's question". The Hill. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Miller, S.A. (May 9, 2017). "Trump campaign launches new website in re-election bid". The Washington Times. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- Fredericks, Bob (May 9, 2017). "Trump launches new site for re-election campaign". New York Post. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- Marcin, Tim (May 9, 2017). "Donald Trump's New Website Features Military Personnel, Tweets, Merchandise". Newsweek. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
- Goodin, Emily (June 30, 2017). "White House Courting Key States Ahead of Election Season". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
- Costa, Robert (May 27, 2017). "Trump family members met with GOP leaders to discuss strategy". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
- Benen, Steve (May 30, 2017). "Trump's family takes new steps to blur ethical boundaries". MSNBC. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
- Benen, Steve (June 5, 2017). "Trump campaign's 'Pittsburgh, not Paris' rally draws 'dozens'". MSNBC. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Juliano, Nick (June 2, 2017). "Trump campaign plans 'Pittsburgh, not Paris' rally to cheer climate deal exit". Politico. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Connley, Courtney (June 3, 2017). "Trump supporters rally outside White House for 'Pittsburgh Not Paris' event". ABC News. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Subbaraman, Nidhi (June 3, 2017). "Trump Supporters And Some Climate Change Deniers Rallied To Thank Him For Leaving The Paris Agreement". Buzzfeed News. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Sheth, Sonam (June 3, 2017). "The White House hyped up a 'Pittsburgh, not Paris' rally – and Trump skipped it to go to his golf club". Business Insider. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Colarossi, Sean (June 3, 2017). "Trump's 'Pittsburgh, Not Paris' Rally A Massive Flop Compared To Nationwide 'March For Truth'". Politicususa.com. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- "The Odds Of An Electoral College-Popular Vote Split Are Increasing". FiveThirtyEight. November 1, 2016. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- McDermott, Monika (January 5, 2012). "Iowa's bad track record for picking GOP winners". CBS News. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
For a few months every four years the state of Iowa becomes a focal point for the nation as it holds its first-in-the-nation presidential nominating contest – the Iowa caucuses.
- Richardson, Bradford (August 17, 2015). "Iowa State Fair attendees pick Sanders over Clinton". The Hill. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Edelman, Adam (June 7, 2017). "Trump touts $1 trillion infrastructure plan during Ohio speech". Daily News. New York. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
telling a crowd of Cincinnati supporters that the U.S. "deserves the best infrastructure in the world". Trump's campaign-style speech, at the Rivertowne Marina
- Bedard, Paul (June 12, 2017). "It's on: Trump to hit 2020 battleground states to pitch infrastructure, jobs". Washington Examiner. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
- "Cedar Rapids Trump rally postponed". The Gazette (Cedar Rapids). May 27, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
- Morin, Rebecca (May 15, 2017). "Trump cancels Iowa rally". Politico. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
- Wagner, John; Parker, Ashley (June 20, 2017). "'He loves rallies': Trump Looks Beyond Washington for Support". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
- Diamond, Jeremy (June 21, 2017). "Trump set for victory lap at Iowa rally". CNN. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
- Liptak, Kevin (June 28, 2017). "President homebody: Trump stays close to the White House". CNN. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- Glueck, Katie (July 7, 2017). "How not to primary Donald Trump". McClatchy. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
- Albert, Tim (June 22, 2017). "Iowa GOP Chairman Rips 'Arrogant Academic' Ben Sasse". Politico. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
- Chaitlen, Daniel (June 3, 2017). "Mike Pence and Sen. Joni Ernst arrive at Iowa event riding motorcycles". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Boshart, Rod (May 11, 2017). "Vice President Mike Pence coming to Iowa". The Gazette. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
- Isenstadt, Alex (May 31, 2017). "Trump to hold reelection fundraiser in June". Politico. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- Bykowicz, Julie (June 21, 2017). "Trump to host Trump re-election fundraiser at Trump hotel". Associated Press. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Drucker, David M. (June 21, 2017). "Trump kicking off 2020 fundraising with high dollar DC fundraiser". Washington Examiner. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Squiteri, Jason (June 28, 2017). "Dem congressman: 'Just plain wrong' for Trump to hold fundraiser at own hotel". CNN. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- Isenstadt, Alex (June 28, 2017). "Trump rips media, mocks Pelosi at closed-door fundraiser". Politico. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
- Bykowicz, Julie; Colvin, Jill (June 29, 2017). "Trump trashes media, cheers wins at $10 million fundraiser". Associated Press. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
- Nuzzi, Olivia (July 9, 2017). "Scenes From the Swamp: (Almost) Inside Trump's $35,000-Per-Plate Reelection Fundraiser". New York. Retrieved July 10, 2017.
- Man, Anthony. "Donald Trump's supporters in South Florida kick in cash for his re-election". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- Liptak, Kevin; Malloy, Allie (June 28, 2017). "White House disinvites press from fundraiser". CNN. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- "President Trump's politicking raises ethics flags". CNBC. Associated Press. July 28, 2017. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
- The New York Times Editorial Board (June 30, 2017). "Mr. Trump's For-Profit Campaign". The New York Times. Retrieved July 7, 2017.
- Glueck, Katie (June 7, 2017). "The face of Donald Trump's 2020 campaign". McClatchy. Retrieved June 11, 2017.
- Figueroa, Laura (June 20, 2017). "Trump's daughter-in-law, Florida guv headline GOP dinner". Newsday. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- Mark, Michelle (July 1, 2017). "'I'm president and they're not': Trump slams media in speech honoring veterans". Business Insider. Retrieved July 10, 2017.
- Kurtz, Judy (July 6, 2017). "Trump winning against Dems in 2020 merchandise sales". The Hill. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
- Warren, Michael (August 8, 2017). "White House Watch: Is Mike Pence Running a Shadow Campaign for 2020?". The Weekly Standard. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
- Manchester, Julia (July 15, 2017). "Trump campaign paid Trump Jr.'s lawyer weeks before Russia meeting revelation". The Hill. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
- Becker, Jo; Goldman, Adam; Apuzzo, Matt (July 11, 2017). "Russian Dirt on Clinton? 'I Love It,' Donald Trump Jr. said". The New York Times. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
- Barabak, Mark K. (August 23, 2017). "Analysis Again breaking ground, Trump takes the permanent campaign to new heights". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
- Pappas, Alex (July 25, 2017). "Trump celebrates ObamaCare vote, but avoids criticizing Jeff Sessions at Ohio rally". Fox News. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
- Merica, Dan (July 26, 2017). "Trump makes 'presidential' pitch at Ohio rally". CNN. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
- Huppke, Rex W. (July 27, 2017). "Trump's abnormal behavior knows no boundries". Chicago Tribune. Chicago.
- Janssen, Kim (July 27, 2017). "Trump's message for Emanuel: 'Get tough'". Chicago Tribune. Chicago.
- Langille, Sean (August 16, 2017). "Pro-Trump 'Mother of All Rallies' scheduled for September". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved September 16, 2017.
- Shugerman, Emily (September 16, 2017). "Trump supporters organised a rally for 1 million people. Only 1,000 turned up". The Independent. London. ISSN 0951-9467. OCLC 185201487. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
- Hughes, Gray; Ferrar, Doug (August 31, 2017). "Rally to support President Trump planned for Sept. 9 in Georgetown". The Daily Times DelmarvaNow. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
- Coles, Caroline (September 9, 2017). "Sussex County Republican Committee Sponsors Trump Rally". WBOC-TV. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
- Riotta, Chris (October 25, 2017). "Trump Flies to Texas For His Re-Election Fundraiser and Writes It Off As Taxpayer Expense". Newsweek. Retrieved October 27, 2017.
- "Donald Trump to visit Dallas for fundraiser". Dallas Morning News. Associated Press. October 9, 2017. Retrieved October 9, 2017.
- Hayes, Christal (October 16, 2017). "Trump Wants to Run in 2020 Election Against the Woman He Already Beat: Hillary Clinton". Newsweek. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Johnson, Jenna (October 25, 2017). "Trump in Texas: 'I'm the builder president. Remember that.'". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 27, 2017.
- Knoller, Mark [@markknoller] (October 25, 2017). "By my count, this will be Pres Trump's 10th political fundraiser since taking office. 9 of 10 were closed to press coverage including today" (Tweet). Retrieved January 6, 2020 – via Twitter.
- Riotta, Chris (November 3, 2017). "Lara Trump Taking on White House Duties in Troubling and Unprecedented Move, Officials Say". Newsweek. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- Schwarz, Sam (December 20, 2017). "SUPPORT FOR DONALD TRUMP'S IMPEACHMENT IS HIGHER THAN HIS RE-ELECTION CHANCES". Newsweek. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
- Cole, Devan (February 25, 2018). "Trump campaign emails photo of Parkland survivor, asks for donations". CNN. Retrieved February 26, 2018.
- Isenstadt, Alex; Samuelsohn, Darren (February 27, 2018). "Trump picks loyalist Parscale to run 2020 campaign". Politico. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- Jones, Rhett (February 27, 2018). "Trump's New Campaign Manager Is Already Facebook's Worst Nightmare". Gizmodo. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- Stewart, Martina (March 10, 2018). "Trump In Pennsylvania: I Need Rick Saccone To Help 'Keep America Great!'". NPR. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
- Breech, John (March 15, 2018). "Buccaneers owner hosts Donald Trump at home fundraiser just months after NFL spat".
- Levin, Bess (March 14, 2018). "TRUMP 2020 CAMPAIGN NOW ACCEPTING ALL WHITE HOUSE REJECTS". Vanity Fair. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
- Manchester, Julia (March 13, 2018). "Trump campaign hires Katrina Pierson". The Hill. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
- Gray, Kathleen; Siacon, Aleanna; Egan, Paul (April 26, 2018). "Trump skips press dinner for rally: 'I'd rather be in Washington, Mich., than Washington, D.C.'". USA Today. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
- McGraw, Meredith (May 14, 2018). "Trump stumps for Republicans and debuts new campaign slogan in Indiana". ABC News. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
- Murphy, Mike, "At Minnesota rally, Trump brags he's more elite than 'the elite'", MarketWatch, June 21, 2018. June 23, 2018.
- Sorkin, Amy Davidson, "Never Mind the Children. In Duluth, Trump Celebrates Himself", The New Yorker, June 21, 2018. June 23, 2018.
- Salama, Vivian, "Trump Tests His Appeal in Nevada, a State Clinton Won" (subscription required), Wall Street Journal, June 23, 2018. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- Rogers, Katie, "Trump, at the rally, Vows to Carry On Anthony Kennedy's Legacy With Court Pick", The New York Times, June 27, 2018. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- Cillizza, Chris. "Trump used a word he's 'not supposed to.' Here's why". CNN.
- "Is Trump Transforming Midterms With Arena-Size Rallies?". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
- Groppe, Maureen (November 7, 2018). "President Donald Trump and Vice President Mike Pence renew their political vows in advance of 2020". USA Today. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- Merica, Dan. "Trump gears up for 2020 re-election by tightening grip on party". CNN. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
- Isenstadt, Alex (January 7, 2019). "Trump campaign moves to stave off mayhem at 2020 convention". Politico. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
- "Republican Party to Express 'Undivided Support' for Trump". VOA. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
- Miller, Zeke; Peoples, Steve (February 4, 2019). "Trump campaign takes steps to prevent a challenge within GOP". AP NEWS. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
- Miller, Zeek. "Trump campaign takes steps to prevent a challenge within GOP". ABC News. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- "Trump Supporter Violently Shoves BBC Cameraman At Rally In El Paso, Texas". NPR.
- Lybrand, Holmes. "Fact-checking Trump (and others) at CPAC". CNN.
- Re, Gregg (March 28, 2019). "Trump, in fiery first rally since Mueller vindication, calls on Dems to stop 'ridiculous bullsh--' [sic]". Fox News.
- Choi, Matthew (March 28, 2019). "Trump rips into 'pencil-necked' Schiff, 'sick, sick' Democrats". Politico. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
- "Trump visits US–Mexico border: Live updates". CNN. April 5, 2019.
- Nicholas, Peter (April 3, 2019). "Donald Trump's Never-Ending Campaign Keeps Getting Angrier". The Atlantic.
- Morrissey, Ruben Vives, Alejandra Reyes-Velarde, Kate. "Live: Trump departs LAX for Las Vegas". Los Angeles Times.
- Karni, Annie; Haberman, Maggie (June 10, 2019). "Trump Needs a Target to Stay Interested in His Campaign. For Now, It's Biden". The New York Times.
- Oprysko, Caitlin. "Trump dismisses 2020 polling that show him in danger". Politico.
- "Trump Defends 'Fake Polls' Claim: 'We Are Winning In Every State We Polled'". June 12, 2019.
- "Trump campaign cutting ties with pollsters after internal numbers leaked". NBC News. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- Wise, Justin (June 17, 2019). "Trump hits polling on Fox News: 'Something weird going on at Fox'". The Hill. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
- Miller, Zeke; Colvin, Jill (June 13, 2019). "Trump says he'd 'want to hear' foreign dirt on 2020 rivals". Associated Press. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
- Beech, Eric; Alexander, David. "Trump: Nothing wrong with accepting dirt from foreign governments on opponents". Reuters. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
- Engelmayer, Caroline; Megerian, Chris. "Trump again claims he would consider foreign help for his campaign". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
- Klar, Rebecca (June 13, 2019). "FEC chair responds to Trump saying he'd accept foreign intel on opponent: 'It is illegal'". The Hill. Retrieved June 17, 2019.
- Levinthal, Dave. "Why the Trump campaign won't pay police bills". Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
- Schneider, Michael; Lemire, Jonathan; Colvin, Jill. "Trump launches 2020 re-election campaign". Associated Press. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- "Trump dismisses E. Jean Carroll rape allegation as 'fiction'". BBC News. June 22, 2019. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- Edelman, Adam (June 22, 2019). "Advice columnist E. Jean Carroll claims Trump sexually assaulted her in 1990s". NBC News. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- "Trump faces rape accusation from author E. Jean Carroll". Axios. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- Crabtree, Susan (July 16, 2019). "Backlash Ensues as RNC's WinRed Fundraising Hammer Falls". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
- Bufkin, Ellie (June 24, 2019). "GOP launches 'WinRed' in attempt to maximize online donations". Washington Examiner. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
- Reichmann, Deb (July 17, 2019). "Trump slams congresswomen; crowd roars, 'Send her back!'". Associated Press. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- Rizzo, Salvador (July 18, 2019). "Trump falsely claims he tried to stop 'Send her back!' chants about Rep. Ilhan Omar". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
- "Trump renews attacks on Omar, praises 'send her back' crowd". Al Jazeera. July 20, 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- Baker, Peter (July 16, 2019). "Once Trump Talked About 'American Carnage.' Now He Says Critics Should Leave". The New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- Allen, Jonathan (July 18, 2019). "After House rejects 'stupid' impeachment, Trump fuels rally crowd chant of 'send her back!' at Omar". NBC News. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- Yen, Hope; Seitz, Amanda (July 18, 2019). "Trump goes after Omar at rally". Associated Press. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- McDonald, Scott (July 17, 2019). "Trump Slams Progressive Democrat Women, Talks 'Bulls**t' [sic] at North Carolina Rally". Newsweek. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- Dunham, Jackie (August 2, 2019). "Trump pledges to end AIDS epidemic, cure childhood cancer 'very shortly'". CTV News. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
- Dawsey, Josh; Sonmez, Felicia; Hughes, Laura (August 1, 2019). "Trump escalates attacks on Baltimore and other cities – says federal funds have been 'stolen,' 'wasted'". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
- Rupar, Aaron (August 2, 2019). "At Cincinnati rally, Trump turns Baltimore violence victims into political pawns". Vox. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
- Crowley, Michael; Haberman, Maggie; Smith, Mitch; Shear, Michael (August 7, 2019). "Trump Uses a Day of Healing to Deepen the Nation's Divisions". The New York Times. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- Samuels, Brett (August 7, 2019). "Trump lashes out at cable news coverage of Biden speech while flying to El Paso". The Hill. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- Morin, Rebecca (August 7, 2019). "'Keep fighting Juaquin!' Trump attacks Castro brothers in deleted tweet that misspelled one of their names". USA Today. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- "Self-promotion: Trump boasts of rally crowd size during hospital visit to console Texas massacre survivors". Agence France-Presse and Jiji Press. August 9, 2019. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- Donald Trump [@realDonaldTrump] (September 11, 2019). "... This is a phony suppression poll, meant to build up their Democrat partners. I haven't even started campaigning yet, and am constantly fighting Fake News like Russia, Russia, Russia. Look at North Carolina last night. Dan Bishop, down big in the Polls, WINS. Easier than 2016!" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Axelrod, Tal (September 27, 2019). "Trump campaign doubles down on Biden-Ukraine allegations in new TV ad". The Hill. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- Cullison, Alan (September 22, 2019). "Biden's Anticorruption Effort in Ukraine Overlapped With Son's Work in Country". The Wall Street Journal.
Messrs. Trump and Giuliani have suggested that Joe Biden pushed for the firing of Ukraine's general prosecutor, Viktor Shokin, in March 2016 to stop an investigation into Burisma. In Ukraine, government officials and anticorruption advocates say that is a misrepresentation ... Mr. Shokin had dragged his feet into those investigations, Western diplomats said, and effectively squashed one in London by failing to cooperate with U.K. authorities ... In a speech in 2015, the U.S. ambassador to Ukraine, Otto Pyatt, called the Ukrainian prosecutor "an obstacle" to anticorruption efforts
- Baker, Peter (September 23, 2019). "Instead of 'No Collusion!' Trump Now Seems to Be Saying, So What if I Did?". The New York Times.
- Dale, Daniel; Subramaniam, Tara; Lybrand, Holmes. "A readers' guide to fact-checking Trump's Ukraine controversy". CNN. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- Wilkie, Christina (November 27, 2019). "Trump denies sending Rudy Giuliani to Ukraine to push Biden, election probes". CNBC. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- "Almost all of Trump's TV campaign ads discuss impeachment: report". Reuters. December 20, 2019.
- O'Sullivan, Donie. "Trump campaign blitzes Facebook with ads attacking impeachment inquiry". CNN.
- "Trump Still Faces 3 Lawsuits Over His Business Empire". NPR. Retrieved December 18, 2019.
- Rupar, Aaron (December 19, 2019). "The White House's defense of Trump's Dingell comments shows there's no bottom". Vox.
- "Trump adviser: Expect more aggressive poll-watching in 2020". AP NEWS. December 20, 2019.
- Isaac, Mike (June 16, 2020). "Now You Can Opt-Out of Seeing Political Ads on Facebook". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- Rebecca Ballhaus, Lindsay Wise, and Natalie Andrews. "McConnell Says GOP Doesn't Have Votes to Block Impeachment Witnesses". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 17, 2020.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Baker, Peter. "At First Rally of Election Year, Trump Boasts About Strike on Iranian General". The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- April 27, Tim Hains On Date; 2019. "Full Replay: Trump MAGA Rally In Green Bay". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved June 17, 2020.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- Goodin-Smith, Oona; Rosenberg, Amy S.; Rushing, Ellie; Verma, Pranshu; Seidman, Andrew. "Trump in Wildwood: Trump and Van Drew complete their political embrace at rally". Inquirer. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
- "Trump plans Iowa rally in days before Democratic caucuses". NBC News. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
- "2020 Iowa Republican Caucus Election Results". Des Moines Register. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
- "It's Official: Trump Will Rally On Eve Of New Hampshire Primary". Bedford, NH Patch. January 23, 2020. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
- "2020 New Hampshire 2020 Republican primary results". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
- "ICYMI: NV Republicans plan delegate vote on same day as Democratic caucus". Nevada Republican Party. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
- Adamy, Emily Glazer and Janet (March 6, 2020). "Facebook Removes Trump Campaign Ads, Citing Census Interference Policy". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
- Bash, Dana; Nolan, Bridget. "Trump's new campaign app gamifies voter outreach". CNN. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
- Diamond, Jeremy (April 30, 2020). "Trump erupts at campaign manager as reelection stress overflows". CNN. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
- Dawsey, Josh (April 30, 2020). "Trump presented with grim internal polling showing him losing to Biden". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on April 30, 2020. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
- Stelter, Brian (May 4, 2020). "CNN sends Trump campaign cease-and-desist letter for misleading ad". CNN. Retrieved May 6, 2020.
- Kessler, Glenn (May 6, 2020). "The Trump campaign's egregious editing of a CNN clip: Trump's 'American Comeback' ad celebrates his coronavirus response, but parts are misleading". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 6, 2020.
- Bump, Philip (June 8, 2020). "This is Trump's most spectacularly wonderfully terrible tweet ever". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on June 9, 2020. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
- Cummings, William (June 10, 2020). "Trump campaign sends CNN 'cease and desist' letter, demands it retract poll that found Biden up 14 points". USA Today. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
- Haberman, Maggie; Karni, Annie (April 29, 2020). "Polls Had Trump Stewing, and Lashing Out at His Own Campaign". The New York Times.
- Cohen, Max (June 10, 2020). "Trump to resume campaign rallies with June 19 event in Tulsa". Politico. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
- Colvin, Jill; Miller, Zeke. "Downplaying virus risk, Trump gets back to business as usual". Associated Press. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
- Baker, Peter; Haberman, Maggie (June 13, 2020). "Trump Moves Tulsa Rally Date 'Out of Respect' for Juneteenth". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
- "The 2020 Republican platform: Make America 2016 again". Grist. June 17, 2020. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- Brad Parscale [@parscale] (June 15, 2020). "Over 1M ticket requests for the @realDonaldTrump #MAGA Rally in Tulsa on Saturday. Before entering each guest will get: ✅Temperature check ✅Hand sanitizer ✅Mask There will be precautions for the heat and bottled water as well" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Singman, Brooke (June 15, 2020). "Trump campaign touts 1 million ticket requests for Tulsa rally". Fox News.
- "BOK Center Tickets and Seating Chart". Secure Box Office. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
- "800,000 register for Trump's Tulsa rally amid pandemic, campaign manager says". Fox 23. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
- "Tulsa Fire Department says Trump rally attendance was about 6,200". The Hill. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
- Evelyn, Kenya (June 21, 2020). "Trump 'played' by K-pop fans and TikTok users who disrupted Tulsa rally". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
- Politi, Daniel (June 21, 2020). "Trump Had Promised a Huge Rally in Tulsa. He Spoke to a Half-Empty Arena". Slate. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
- Bump, Philip. "Analysis: Trump spent one of every eight minutes in Tulsa complaining about coverage of his West Point speech". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
- "Trump spends 14 minutes at rally talking about that time he walked down a ramp". NewsComAu. June 21, 2020. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
- Trotta, Daniel; Shalal, Andrea; Heavey, Susan (July 30, 2020). "Herman Cain, ex-presidential candidate who refused to wear mask, dies after COVID-19 diagnosis". Reuters. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- Stahl, Jeremy (July 30, 2020). "Herman Cain, Conservative Culture Warrior Who Opposed Mask Mandates, Dies of COVID-19". Slate. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- Peters, Jeremy W. (July 30, 2020). "Will Herman Cain's Death Change Republican Views on the Virus and Masks?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- Solender, Andrew (July 2, 2020). "Herman Cain Hospitalized With COVID-19 After Attending Trump Tulsa Rally Maskless". Forbes. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- O'Reilly, Andrew (July 2, 2020). "Herman Cain hospitalized after testing positive for coronavirus". Fox News. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- Edelman, Adam (July 30, 2020). "Former GOP presidential candidate Herman Cain dies of COVID-19". NBC News. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- "How to apply for tickets to President Trump's Phoenix 'Students for Trump' event". KNXV. June 15, 2020. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- "President Trump to stop in Yuma, Phoenix during Arizona June 23 visit". 12news.com. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- Karni, Annie (July 3, 2020). "Trump Uses Mount Rushmore Speech to Deliver Divisive Culture War Message". The New York Times.
- "Trump's push to amplify racism unnerves Republicans who have long enabled him". The Washington Post.
- Dolan, Jack (July 4, 2020). "Kanye West tweets that he's running for president". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
- Dale, Daniel. "Fact check: Trump campaign, Pence take Biden's policing comments out of context". CNN.
- "Sean Hannity keeps altering a Joe Biden quote about the police to attack him". Media Matters for America.
- Karni, Annie. "Trump Rally Postponed, Campaign Says, Citing Weather". The New York Times. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
- Samuels, Brett (July 15, 2020). "Trump shakes up campaign leadership, demotes Parscale". The Hill. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
- Collins, Kaitlan. "Trump shakes up campaign leadership as he struggles in latest polls". CNN. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
- Feuer, Will (July 19, 2020). "President Trump won't agree to accept 2020 election results as Biden leads in polls – 'I have to see'". CNBC. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- Collinson, Stephen (July 31, 2020). "Obama warns that Trump's actions threaten US democracy". CNN. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
- Liptak, Kevin (August 1, 2020). "'Nobody likes me,' Trump complains, as even his allies fade". CNN. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
- Oprysko, Caitlin (August 3, 2020). "Trump claims right to issue executive order on vote-by-mail". Politico. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
- Klein, Betsy (August 4, 2020). "In apparent reversal, Trump encourages Floridians to vote by mail". CNN. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
- Gabriel, Trip (July 17, 2020). "Will Trump's Troubles Turn Ohio Back Into a Tossup State?". The New York Times.
- Kessler, Glenn (July 14, 2020). "Trump ad falsely suggests Biden supports defunding police". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
- Corasaniti, Nick (July 21, 2020). "Trump Campaign Ads Depict His Own Lawless Dystopia". The New York Times. Retrieved July 31, 2020.
- Bump, Philip (July 10, 2020). "Analysis | The Trump campaign warns that a Biden presidency could be as dangerous and violent as Trump's". The Washington Post.
- "RNC, Trump campaign told to stop using President Reagan to raise money". The Washington Post.
- O'Reilly, Andrew; Steinhauser, Paul (July 23, 2020). "Trump announces Jacksonville part of GOP convention will be canceled over coronavirus concerns". Fox News. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
- Liptak, Kevin; Klein, Betsy (July 30, 2020). "Trump floats delaying election despite lack of authority to do so". CNN. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
- Wu, Nicholas; Hayes, Christal (July 30, 2020). "McConnell, other top Republicans say Election Day isn't moving after Trump floated delay". USA Today. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
- Egan, Timothy (July 31, 2020). "Opinion: Trump, Please Quit Before You're Fired". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
- Warren, Michael; Gangel, Jamie (July 31, 2020). "McConnell signal to Republican Senate candidates: Distance from Trump if necessary". CNN. Retrieved July 31, 2020.
- Kamisar, Ben; Pettypiece, Shannon (July 30, 2020). "Trump campaign hits pause on TV ad spending for 'review' of messaging strategy". NBC News. Retrieved July 31, 2020.
- Isenstadt, Alex (July 31, 2020). "Trump's top strategist reboots campaign with focus on early-voting states". Politico. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
Trump previewed the forthcoming offensive in a Friday afternoon tweet, writing: 'We are doing a new ad campaign on Sleepy Joe Biden that will be out on Monday. He has been brought even further LEFT than Crazy Bernie Sanders ever thought possible.'
- Dale, Daniel; Kaczynski, Andrew (August 5, 2020). "Fact check: Trump ad edits out microphone and trees from Biden photo to make him seem alone in basement". CNN. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
- Lajka, Arijeta (August 5, 2020). "Trump campaign ad used altered photos to make Biden appear to be 'alone' when he wasn't". Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
- Henney, Megan (August 5, 2020). "Pelosi blasts Trump for saying he may deliver convention speech from White House: 'He can't do that'". Fox News. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
- Bowden, Ebony; Nelson, Steven (August 13, 2020). "Trump on RNC convention: 'I'll probably be giving my speech at the White House'". New York Post. Fox News. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
- Chalfant, Morgan (August 6, 2020). "Commission on Presidential Debates rejects Trump campaign call for earlier debate". The Hill. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- Holland, Steve (August 15, 2020). "In struggle to land a blow on Biden, Trump toys with nickname change". Reuters. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
- Budryk, Zack (August 17, 2020). "GOP group launches new ad featuring ex-Trump DHS official endorsing Biden". The Hill. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
- Steakin, Will; Yang, Allie (August 20, 2020). "As Biden prepared to accept Democratic nomination for president, a furious Trump took to Twitter". ABC News. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
- Stimson, Brie (August 20, 2020). "Trump campaign releasing Hunter Biden ad as Joe Biden accepts nomination". Fox News. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
- Porter, Tom (August 23, 2020). "Donald Trump is to speak on all 4 nights of the RNC, and his family will take up half of the keynote speaker spots". Business Insider. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
- Isenstadt, Alex (August 26, 2020). "Trump goes dark on TV as early voting looms". Politico. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- Battaglio, Stephen (August 25, 2020). "Republican convention draws 17 million TV viewers, down 26% from 2016". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- Baxter, Holly (August 25, 2020). "Opinion: The first night of the Republican National Convention was deeply, disturbingly weird". The Independent. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
- Bice, Allie (August 30, 2020). "Chad Wolf says he didn't know naturalization ceremony would be seen at convention". Politico. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
- Gringlas, Sam (August 26, 2020). "Trump Shatters Ethics Norms By Making Official Acts Part Of GOP Convention". NPR. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- Snell, Kelsey (August 25, 2020). "Ex-Bank Robber Receives Pardon Right Before His Convention Speech". NPR. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- Nichols, Tom (August 26, 2020). "Trump's RNC naturalization ceremony at White House: Tasteless, hollow and probably illegal". USA Today. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- Collinson, Stephen (August 28, 2020). "Analysis: Trump -- defiant and dark as ever -- claims Biden would destroy America". CNN. Retrieved August 28, 2020.
- Shabad, Rebecca (September 1, 2020). "Trump claims without evidence that Biden controlled by people in 'the dark shadows'". NBC News. Retrieved September 5, 2020.
- O'Sullivan, Donie; Dale, Daniel (September 1, 2020). "Republicans are flooding the internet with deceptive videos and Big Tech isn't keeping up". CNN. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
- "Trump Tells Supporters In North Carolina To Illegally Vote Twice To Test The System". HuffPost. Reuters. September 3, 2020. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
- Collinson, Stephen (September 3, 2020). "Trump won't stop interfering in the election". CNN. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
- "Trump holds rally in battleground state of Pennsylvania". CBS News.
- LeBlanc, Paul (September 3, 2020). "Trump mocks Biden for wearing mask: 'Did you ever see a man that likes a mask as much as him?'". CNN. Retrieved September 4, 2020.
- Lipton, Eric (September 5, 2020). "How Trump Draws on Campaign Funds to Pay Legal Bills". The New York Times.
- Goldmacher, Shane; Haberman, Maggie (September 8, 2020). "2020 Election Live Updates: Trump, Whose Campaign Lost its Cash Advantage, Says He May Use His Own Money on Race". The New York Times.
- "Trump Weighs Putting Up to $100 Million of His Cash Into Race". Bloomberg. September 8, 2020.
- Aaro, David (September 15, 2020). "Trump campaign ad used stock photo of Russian fighter jets: report". Fox News. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
- Sullivan, Helen (September 15, 2020). "Trump election ad uses stock military image 'featuring Russian fighter jets'". The Guardian. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
- Scherer, Michael; Dawsey, Josh (September 10, 2020). "Republican worries rise as Trump campaign pulls back from television advertising". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
- "Trump election ad uses stock military image 'featuring Russian fighter jets'". The Guardian. September 15, 2020. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
- Billings, Kevin (September 15, 2020). "Trump Called Out For 'Support Our Troops' Campaign Ad's Russian Connections". International Business Times. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
- Fiegel, Eric; Bohn, Kevin; LeBlanc, Paul (September 13, 2020). "Trump to hold first entirely indoor rally in nearly three months". CNN. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
- "City of Henderson issues compliance warning to venue hosting Trump rally". FOX5 Las Vegas. September 13, 2020. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
- "Watch live: Trump holds indoor campaign rally in Henderson, Nevada". CBS News. September 13, 2020. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
- "Biden, flush with cash, boosts ad spending in battlegrounds". AP NEWS. September 14, 2020.
- Politi, Daniel (October 18, 2020). "Almost Two Dozen COVID-19 Infections Tied to Trump's Minnesota Rallies". Slate. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
- Liptak, Kevin; Vazquez, Maegan (September 23, 2020). "Trump refuses to commit to a peaceful transition of power after Election Day". CNN.
- Watson, Kathryn. "Trump predicts Supreme Court needs a ninth justice to decide November election". CBS News.
- O'Sullivan, Donie; Dale, Daniel. "Fact check: Trump Jr. touts baseless rigged-election claims to recruit 'army' for his dad". CNN.
- Dale, Daniel (September 23, 2020). "Fact check: Eric Trump posts video that falsely claims Joe Biden used teleprompter in Telemundo interview". CNN. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
- Dale, Daniel; O'Sullivan, Donie (September 25, 2020). "Fact check: Trump campaign runs ads falsely accusing Biden of using teleprompter on James Corden's show". CNN. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
- Dale, Daniel; O'Sullivan, Donie (September 23, 2020). "Fact check: Trump campaign posts another dishonestly snipped Biden quote to make him sound confused". CNN. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
- Enten, Harry. "Analysis: How Trump's losing among seniors at a historic rate". CNN.
- "Trump says he's sending seniors $200 drug coupons". Politico.
- Capps, Kriston (September 29, 2020). "What's in Trump's 'Platinum Plan' for Black America?". Bloomberg News.
- Quinn, Melissa; O'Donnell, Norah (October 1, 2020). "Debates commission plans to cut off mics if Trump or Biden break rules". CBS News. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
- Vella, Lauren (October 1, 2020). "Trump, first lady to quarantine after top aide tests positive for coronavirus". The Hill. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
- Mason, Jeff (October 2, 2020). "Trump starts 'quarantine process' after aide Hope Hicks tests positive for coronavirus". Reuters. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
- Wang, Christine; Calia, Mike (October 2, 2020). "President Trump, first lady Melania test positive for coronavirus". CNBC. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Rohrer, Steven Lemongello, Gray. "President Trump cancels Sanford rally". Orlando Sentinel.
- Isenstadt, Alex (October 2, 2020). "Trump campaign manager tests positive for Covid-19". Politico. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
- Dale, Daniel (October 3, 2020). "Fact check: Trump campaign runs Facebook ads featuring fake image of Biden wearing earpiece". CNN. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
- Cheung, Helier. "VP debate: Did gender play a role in the interruptions?". CNN. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
- Baker, Peter; Haberman, Maggie (October 9, 2020). "Trump Lashes Out at His Cabinet With Calls to Indict Political Rivals". The New York Times.
- "Trump says he has declassified documents related to Russia, Clinton email probes". Reuters. October 7, 2020.
- "Strapped for cash, Trump yanks TV ads in key states as Biden spending surges". Los Angeles Times. October 10, 2020.
- Morin, Rebecca (October 15, 2020). "Here's what to know about the Joe Biden, Donald Trump competing town halls tonight". USA Today. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
- Keveney, Bill (October 23, 2020). "Trump-Biden debate: Muting and better behavior leads to less heat, more light". USA Today. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- Cadelago, Christopher; Schneider, Elena (October 23, 2020). "The hard-to-follow 11-minute debate clash over foreign influence". Politico. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- Donegan, Moira (October 23, 2020). "Biden fends off flailing Trump but most voters have already decided". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- Kounang, Nadia (October 26, 2020). "Minnesota reports three Covid-19 outbreaks related to Trump campaign events in September". CNN. Archived from the original on October 28, 2020. Retrieved November 1, 2020.
- Fung, Katherine (October 26, 2020). "Mike Pence campaign rally violates Minnesota COVID rules as experts urge him to quarantine". Newsweek. Archived from the original on October 29, 2020. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
- "With results from key states unclear, Trump declares victory". Reuters. November 4, 2020. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
- "Tight battle in key states". November 4, 2020. Archived from the original on November 4, 2020. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
- Shubber, Kadhim (November 6, 2020). "Trump Pennsylvania litigation getting tepid response from federal judge". Financial Times. Archived from the original on November 6, 2020. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
- Schrade, Brad (November 6, 2020). "Georgia judge dismisses Trump campaign case in Chatham ballot dispute". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
- Egan, Paul (November 5, 2020). "Judge throws out Trump lawsuit over counting of Michigan ballots". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved November 7, 2020.
- Herb, Jeremy; Polantz, Katelyn (November 7, 2020). "'Democracy plain and simple': How the 2020 election defied fraud claims and pandemic fears". CNN. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
- Spicuzza, Mary; Marley, Patrick (November 6, 2020). "Days after the election, Wisconsin Republicans urged volunteers to call Pennsylvania Trump supporters and ask them to return ballots". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
- Orr, Gabby; McGraw, Meridith (November 6, 2020). "'My sense is that we lost': Trump campaign aides grapple with dwindling odds". Politico. Retrieved November 7, 2020.
- Prokop, Andrew (November 6, 2020). "Why Decision Desk called Pennsylvania, and the presidential race, for Joe Biden". Vox. Retrieved November 7, 2020.
- Athas, Eric; Carlson, Seth; Keefe, John; Miller, Claire; Parlapiano, Alicia; Sanger-Katz, Margot. "Tracking Which News Outlets Have Called the Presidential Race in Each State". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 7, 2020. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
- Shear, Michael D.; Fandos, Nicholas; Edmondson, Catie (November 23, 2020). "The G.S.A. administrator has formally designated Biden the apparent winner of the presidential election". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- "Trump appointee refuses to sign document allowing Biden transition to officially get to work: report". Salon. November 9, 2020.
- Watkins, Morgan. "In Senate speech, Mitch McConnell again won't acknowledge Joe Biden's victory over Trump". The Courier-Journal.
- Bernstein, Brittany (November 10, 2020). "DOJ's Top Election Crimes Official Quits after Barr Authorizes Voter Fraud Probe". National Review. Retrieved November 20, 2021.
- "Trump campaign plans large-scale rallies in post-election challenges". KXXV. November 9, 2020.
- Treene, Alayna. "Trump to continue to hold campaign-style rallies as legal team girds up". Axios.
- Isenstadt, Alex (November 16, 2020). "4 more years: Trump freezes 2024 presidential field". Politico. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
- Walker, Amara; Bernstein, Carl (November 29, 2020). "Trump admits 'it's hard to get to the Supreme Court' (0:39-0:42)". CNN. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
- Perez, Evan; Cole, Devan (December 1, 2020). "Barr says no evidence of widespread fraud in presidential election". CNN. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
- Cillizza, Chris (December 29, 2020). "How suing Mike Pence is the last gasp of the 'election fraud' crowd". CNN. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- "Read the full text of the article of impeachment filed against President Trump". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on January 14, 2021. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
- Corasaniti, Nick; Rutenberg, Jim (December 15, 2020). "No, there aren't 'alternate electors' who can vote for President Trump". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- Caldera, Camille (January 1, 2021). "Congress is set to certify Biden's election win Jan. 6. Here's what to expect". USA Today. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- Tapper, Jake (January 2, 2021). "At least 140 House Republicans to vote against counting electoral votes, two GOP lawmakers say". CBS58. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- Tufekci, Zeynep (December 7, 2020). "This Must Be Your First". The Atlantic. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- Nakamura, David (January 5, 2021). "With brazen assault on election, Trump prompts critics to warn of a coup". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- Yeip, Randy (July 26, 2020). "What Polling Can Tell Us 100 Days From the Election". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
- Agiesta, Jennifer (September 2, 2020). "CNN Poll: Biden's lead persists post-conventions". CNN. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
- "Joe Biden Leads Donald Trump in Latest Grinnell College National Poll". Grinnell College. September 2, 2020. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
- Knutson, Jacob. "New Trump campaign manager Bill Stepien dismisses polls in first official statement". Axios.
- Zilbermints, Regina (October 12, 2020). "Trump campaign official blames Biden lead on 'skewed' polls". The Hill.
- Otterbein, Holly. "Trump campaign stalls in Pennsylvania". Politico.
- Enten, Harry (August 30, 2020). "Analysis: Trump continues to break the polling". CNN. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
- Siders, David (July 4, 2020). "Biden builds lead as Trump goes from trailing to flailing". Politico. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
- Gambino, Lauren (July 26, 2020). "Biden holds daunting lead over Trump as US election enters final stretch". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
- Schulte, Gabriela (August 5, 2020). "Poll: Biden leads Trump by 3 points nationally". The Hill. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
- Enten, Harry (August 6, 2020). "New polls suggest Trump's position has stabilized". CNN. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
- Cook, Nancy (August 8, 2020). "'Like Groundhog Day': Republicans fret over Trump's fading fortunes". Politico. Retrieved August 9, 2020.
- Steinhauser, Paul (August 17, 2020). "Trump narrows gap with Biden, new poll shows". Fox News. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
- Cohen, Max (August 13, 2020). "Poll: Biden maintains clear lead over Trump nationally". Politico. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
- Elbeshbishi, Sarah (August 16, 2020). "Joe Biden leading President Trump nationally ahead of DNC, RNC, poll finds". USA Today. Retrieved August 16, 2020.
- Balz, Dan; Clement, Scott; Guskin, Emily (August 17, 2020). "Post-ABC poll shows Biden, Harris hold double-digit lead over Trump, Pence". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
- Richardson, Seth A. (September 1, 2020). "Donald Trump leads Joe Biden in tracking poll of Ohio likely voters". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
- Steinhauser, Paul (September 3, 2020). "Biden-Trump race tightening in the biggest battleground: Poll". Fox News. Retrieved September 4, 2020.
- Balz, Dan; Guskin, Emily (September 26, 2020). "Post-ABC poll: Biden maintains lead over Trump nationally in stable presidential race". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved September 27, 2020.
- Jacobs, Jennifer; Parker, Mario; Allison, Bill (September 8, 2020). "Trump Weighs Putting Up to $100 Million of His Cash Into Race". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
- Bykowicz, Julie; Colvin, Jill (June 29, 2017). "Trump trashes media, cheers wins at $10 million fundraiser". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on June 29, 2017. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (July 20, 2017). "Filing FEC-1174081". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (September 15, 2017). "FEC Form 3P – Report of receipts and disbursements – Filing FEC-1182043". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (October 15, 2017). "FEC Form 3P – Report of receipts and disbursements – Filing FEC-1186850". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (February 7, 2018). "FEC Form 3P – Report of receipts and disbursements – Filing FEC-1207393". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (April 15, 2018). "FEC Form 3P – Report of receipts and disbursements – Filing FEC-1222729". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (July 15, 2018). "FEC Form 3P – Report of receipts and disbursements – Filing FEC-1248228". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (October 15, 2018). "FEC Form 3P – Report of receipts and disbursements – Filing FEC-1272561". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (January 31, 2019). "FEC Form 3P – Report of receipts and disbursements – Filing FEC-1312481". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
- "Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. / Presidential – Principal campaign committee / Financial summary – Two-year period 2017–2018". Fec.gov. Federal Election Commission. December 31, 2018. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (April 15, 2019). "FEC Form 3P – Report of receipts and disbursements – Filing FEC-1326131". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (July 15, 2019). "FEC Form 3P – Report of receipts and disbursements – Filing FEC-1341058". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (October 15, 2019). "FEC Form 3P – Report of receipts and disbursements – Filing FEC-1358508". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (February 1, 2020). "FEC Form 3P – Report of receipts and disbursements – Filing FEC-1379950". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (February 20, 2020). "FEC Form 3P – Report of receipts and disbursements – Filing FEC-1384899". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (March 20, 2020). "FEC Form 3P – Report of receipts and disbursements – Filing FEC-1391616". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
- Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (April 20, 2020). "FEC Form 3P – Report of receipts and disbursements – Filing FEC-1403007". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
- Cadei, Emily (May 18, 2017). "Trump 2020 Campaign Claims a Fundraising Record Amid Russia Probes". Newsweek. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
- Bedard, Paul (May 18, 2017). "Trump 2020 raises record $314,000 in just one day". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
- "Trump's re-election campaign raised more than $30 million in first-quarter of 2019". Reuters. April 14, 2019. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- Sandoval, Gabriel; Kravitz, Derek; Mierjeski, Alex (June 27, 2018). "We've Found $16.1 Million in Political and Taxpayer Spending at Trump Properties". ProPublica. Retrieved September 7, 2020.
- Papenfuss, Mary (October 29, 2019). "$16.8 Million In Campaign Funds Went To Trump Businesses, Latest Records Reveal". HuffPost. Retrieved September 7, 2020.
- Ballhaus, Rebecca (April 17, 2017). "Donald Trump's Companies Benefit From Campaign Funds". The Wall Street Journal. New York City. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
- Longman, Martin (May 14, 2019). "As Trump Tower Struggles, the President Rents Office Space to Himself". Washington Monthly. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
- Alexander, Dan (March 20, 2019). "As Trump Tower Struggles, the President Rents Office Space to Himself". Forbes. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
- "All the President's Profiting". Open Secrets. Retrieved October 17, 2020.
- Tumulty, Karen (July 17, 2020). "The Trump campaign is the grift that keeps on grifting". The Washington Post.
- Lipton, Eric (September 5, 2020). "How Trump Draws on Campaign Funds to Pay Legal Bills". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 5, 2020.
- Ashley, Balcerzak; Levinthal, Dave (October 15, 2017). "Donald Trump campaign ramps up 2020 re-election fundraising". The Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Jeremy, Diamond (October 17, 2017). "Donating to Trump? Campaign is spending $1 of every $10 on legal fees". CNN. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Fischer, Sara (March 19, 2019). "Another Trump Facebook election – Axios". Axios. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
- Mazza, Ed (May 7, 2020). "James Carville Warns Trump: Your 'Grifter' Campaign Aides Are Lying To You". HuffPost. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
- Chapman, Matthew (May 23, 2020). "Rick Wilson: Trump's campaign manager Parscale is 'milking him like cow' as re-election bid dies". Salon. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
- Date, S. V. (April 17, 2020). "Trump Campaign Secretly Paying $180,000 A Year To His Sons' Significant Others". HuffPost. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
- Hillyard, Vaughn (May 18, 2017). "Pence Creates PAC Ahead of 2018, 2020 Elections". NBC News. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
- "Filing FEC-1162693". docquery.fec.gov. Federal Election Commission. May 17, 2017. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
- "Page by Page Report Display (Page 290 of 1081)". Fec.gov. Federal Elections Commission. May 15, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
- "Page by Page Report Display (Page 575 of 1081)". Fec.gov. Federal Elections Commission. May 15, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
- "Page by Page Report Display (Page 921 of 4397)". Fec.org. Federal Elections Commission. May 17, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
- "Spending by others to support or oppose". Fec.gov. Federal Election Commission. n.d. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- "TRUMP, DONALD J – Candidate overview – FEC.gov". FEC.gov.
- "How Facebook ads helped elect Trump". Retrieved October 9, 2017.
- Bykowicz, Julie (May 18, 2017). "Trump advisers start 'America First Policies' nonprofit". U.S. News & World Report. Associated Press. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
- Sexton, Adam (September 3, 2017). "Former Trump campaign staffers to launch new organization in NH". WMUR-TV. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
- Briggs, Ryan; Bryan, Miles (November 13, 2020). "Former Trump staffer fishing for fraud with thousands of cold calls to Pa. voters is short on proof". PBS. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
- Braynard, Matt (December 1, 2020). "As I said on @LouDobbs, if the issues we raised are not resolved..." Retrieved December 2, 2020 – via Twitter.
- Davis, Walker (March 30, 2020). "Tax Form Emphasizes Mysterious Dark Money Group's Ties to Trump". Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW). Retrieved April 1, 2020.
- Tribune, The Texas; Samuels, Alex (February 6, 2019). "Trump falsely said El Paso was a hub of violent crime before the border fence. Now he's holding a rally there". The Texas Tribune.
- "The Latest: Trump tells supporters 'Russia hoax is dead'". The Washington Times. Associated Press. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
- Schneider, Doug; BeMiller, Haley; Soellner, Mica (April 27, 2019). "Donald Trump's Green Bay rally: Scenes from outside the Resch Center". Press Gazette Media. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
- Landler, Mark (May 8, 2019). "At Florida Rally, Trump Denounces Democrats' 'Nonsense' as He Looks to 2020". The New York Times. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
- Tabb, Joe (May 13, 2019). "Trump Rally to be held in Lycoming County". NorthcentralPA.com. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
- Donald Trump [@realDonaldTrump] (May 31, 2019). "I will be announcing my Second Term Presidential Run with First Lady Melania, Vice President Mike Pence, and Second Lady Karen Pence on June 18th in Orlando, Florida, at the 20,000 seat Amway Center. Join us for this Historic Rally!" (Tweet). Retrieved December 3, 2019 – via Twitter.
- Donald Trump [@realDonaldTrump] (July 17, 2019). "See you tonight, North Carolina! #MAGA2020" (Tweet). Retrieved December 3, 2019 – via Twitter.
- Bailey, Phillip M. "Gov. Matt Bevin is attending President Donald Trump's political rally in Cincinnati". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- "Trump tells backers reelecting him is critical for their pocketbooks". CBS News. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- Morrill, Jim (August 27, 2019). "President Trump will rally for Dan Bishop in Fayetteville on election eve". The News&Observer. Archived from the original on August 28, 2019. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- "President Trump to hold campaign rally in New Mexico later this month". KVIA ABC-7. September 7, 2019. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- "Trump announces Minneapolis rally at Target Center in October". Twin Cities. September 26, 2019. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- "Trump's Dallas Rally Tonight: Amazing Line Started Forming 50 Hours Ago". LifeZette. October 17, 2019. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- "President Trump Rally in Sunrise, Florida | C-SPAN.org". C-SPAN.org.
- Miller, Cassie. "In Hershey, Trump, Pence ask Pa. for '4 more years' as Dems move forward on impeachment". The Philadelphia Tribune.
- Durnbaugh, Elena. "Donald Trump to hold 'Merry Christmas' rally in Battle Creek". Battle Creek Enquirer.
- Anderson, Natasha. "President Trump holds first campaign rally of 2020 in Toledo". Fox 8. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- Kozlov, Dana, "Enthusiastic Crowd Gathers For President Trump's Rally In Milwaukee", CBS Chicago/CBS News/CBS 2, January 14, 2020.
- Tully, Tracey (January 28, 2020). "Trump's N.J. Rally: Frigid Wait Is Worth It for President's Fans". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
- Dwilson, Stephanie Dube (January 31, 2020). "How Many Attended Trump's Des Moines, Iowa Rally? Crowd Size & Overflow Photos". Heavy.com. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
- Karni, Annie; Haberman, Maggie (February 10, 2020). "Trump Travels to New Hampshire to Rally Republicans and Distract Democrats". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
- "President Donald Trump speaks to thousands at his Phoenix rally". AZFamily. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
- Zubeck, Pam. "Adoring crowds swamp Colorado Springs arena to see President Trump". Colorado Springs Independent. Archived from the original on May 27, 2020. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
- "Trump rallies thousands in Las Vegas, says Democrats will have 'lots of problems' with caucus results". thenevadaindependent.com. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
- Dillane, Matt (February 28, 2020). "Sights & sounds from Trump rally at North Charleston Coliseum". WCIV. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
- "Trump rallies supporters in Charlotte, North Carolina". CBS News. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
- "Trump's Tulsa Rally Attendance: 6,200, Fire Dept. Says". The New York Times. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
- "In Arizona, Trump has a redo of his Oklahoma rally". Politico. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
- "Before Mankato Stop, President Trump Speaks At MSP, Promising Law And Order". August 17, 2020.
- Mueller, Molly Beck and Chris. "'I won't forget you': Trump rallies Wisconsin crowd with Oshkosh event targeting Biden nomination, DNC". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.
- Keil, Sumiko (August 14, 2020). "New Details: Trump to hold campaign event at Yuma International Airport Tuesday".
- "President Trump slams Biden, promotes plans for second term in Old Forge rally". wnep.com. August 20, 2020.
- DiStaso, John (August 23, 2020). "Trump to hold rally Friday in Manchester, campaign confirms". WMUR.
- "Trump reaffirms message of law and order at Latrobe rally". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- "Next week: President Trump campaigning in Winston-Salem". WXII. September 3, 2020.
- Rainey, Callie (September 5, 2020). "President Donald Trump to visit Michigan on Thursday". WWMT.
- "President Trump to host rally at Minden-Tahoe Airport Saturday evening". KRNV. News 4 and FOX 11 Digital Team. September 11, 2020.
- "Trump to hold public events in Minden, Henderson". September 11, 2020.
- "President Donald Trump To Visit Minnesota, Wisconsin Next Week". September 10, 2020.
- "President Trump in NC: 'Wear masks,' Fayetteville mayor tells people going to Trump rally | abc11.com". abc11.com.
- Sweigart, Josh; Laird, Jordan. "Trump talks for more than an hour in Dayton, takes aim at Biden". Dayton Daily News.
- "President Trump coming to Toledo airport Monday". wtol.com. September 16, 2020.
- "President Donald Trump To Hold Rally At Pittsburgh International Airport". September 17, 2020.
- "President Trump to campaign in Jacksonville on Thursday". WJXT. News4Jax. September 18, 2020.
- "President Donald Trump to hold campaign rally in Newport News". 13newsnow.com. September 22, 2020.
- News, CBS 21 (September 18, 2020). "President Trump to host campaign event in Middletown, Dauphin County". WHP.
- LeSavage, Briggs (September 25, 2020). "Trump to hold campaign rally in Duluth Wednesday".
- "Trump restarting campaign with White House, Florida events". Mysuncoast. Associated Press. Archived from the original on February 9, 2021. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
- Desk, Jared Leone, Cox Media Group National Content (October 11, 2020). "Trump restarts campaign with rallies planned for Florida, Pennsylvania". KIRO.
- "President Trump to hold Make America Great Again campaign rally in Greenville this week | abc11.com". abc11.com.
- "President Trump will be back in Central Florida for rally Friday". WESH. October 13, 2020.
- "President Trump to visit Macon for Make America Great Again Rally". wgxa.tv.
- "President Donald Trump to make campaign stop in Muskegon". WZZM13.com. October 14, 2020.
- "President Trump to hold Janesville rally at Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport". October 14, 2020.
- Team, News 4 and FOX 11 Digital (October 15, 2020). "President Donald Trump to visit Carson City today". KRNV.
- "President Trump schedules rallies in Prescott, Tucson on Monday". azfamily.com.
- "President Donald Trump To Hold Rally At Erie International Airport Next Week". October 16, 2020.
- "President Trump speaks to crowd of 23,000+ at Gastonia, N.C. rally". WBTV Web. October 16, 2020.
- Downey, Renzo (October 22, 2020). "Donald Trump to rally supporters in The Villages, Pensacola".
- "President Trump spoke in Lumberton to the 'forgotten men and women'". wpde.com.
- "Donald J. Trump for President". Donaldjtrump.com. Archived from the original on October 22, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
- "President Donald J. Trump Delivers Remarks at a Make America Great Again Victory Rally in Waukesha, WI". Donaldjtrump.com. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
- "President Donald J. Trump Delivers Remarks at a Make America Great Again Victory Rally in Manchester, NH". Donaldjtrump.com. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
- "President Donald Trump makes campaign stop at Lancaster Airport". Fox 43. October 23, 2020.
- "Trump coming to Martinsburg Monday for rally".
- "President Trump to deliver remarks at MAGA rally in Lansing, Michigan". nbc25news.com.
- "President Trump to visit West Salem 1 week ahead of Election Day". October 23, 2020.
- Report, KETV Staff (October 28, 2020). "'I'm not a politician': President Trump speaks to 25,000 at Omaha rally". KETV.
- "President Donald J. Trump Delivers Remarks at a Make America Great Again Victory Rally in Bullhead City, AZ". Donaldjtrump.com. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
- "President Donald J. Trump Delivers Remarks at a Make America Great Again Victory Rally in Goodyear, AZ". Donaldjtrump.com. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
- "President Donald J. Trump Delivers Remarks at a Make America Great Again Victory Rally in Tampa, FL". Donaldjtrump.com. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
- "President Donald Trump to return to North Carolina, rally in Fayetteville on Thursday". ABC11 Raleigh-Durham. October 27, 2020.
- "President Donald J. Trump Delivers Remarks at a Make America Great Again Victory Rally in Waterford Twp, MI". Donaldjtrump.com. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
- "President Donald J. Trump Delivers Remarks at a Make America Great Again Victory Rally in Green Bay, WI". Donaldjtrump.com. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
- "President Donald J. Trump Delivers Remarks at a Make America Great Again Victory Rally in Rochester, MN". Donaldjtrump.com. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
- "President Donald J. Trump Delivers Remarks at a Make America Great Again Victory Rally in Reading, PA". Donaldjtrump.com. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
- "President Donald J. Trump Delivers Remarks at a Make America Great Again Victory Rally in Butler, PA". Donaldjtrump.com. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
- Miller, Zeke [@zekejmiller] (October 29, 2020). "Per FAA, Trump will be in Sterling Heights, MI and Rome, GA on Sunday and Wilkes-Barre Scranton, PA and Grand Rapids, MI on Monday (Just the initial advisories for what is expected to be a breakneck 48 hours of travel for the president)" (Tweet). Retrieved October 29, 2020 – via Twitter.
- Edsall, Thomas B. (January 29, 2020). "Trump's Digital Advantage Is Freaking Out Democratic Strategists". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Donald Trump presidential campaign, 2020.|
- Donald J. Trump for President campaign website